As defined by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Brownfield sites are "abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination." In June 1995, the U.S. Governement Accountability Office (GAO) estimated that there were between 130,000 and 450,000 Brownfield sites that will cost more than $650 billion to clean up. Others have estimated that there are currently 500,000 or more Brownfield sites across the United States and that the cost to clean up these sites is $600 billion. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Brownfields Program has been positively changing lives and communities for years and continues to reach out to train disadvantaged people of color in Brownfields communities. This section contains materials developed by the NIEHS awardees and by the EPA for promoting jobs and environmental justice through cleanup of Brownfields.
- Brownfields: Hazmat Cleanup, But More(3.0MB)
April 1998. 54 pages. This paper prepared by the National Clearinghouse for Worker Safety and Health Training explains what Brownfields are and how they are similar to other hazardous waste sites. It also outlines the scope of interest being generated by Brownfields and the opportunities they create.