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Your Environment. Your Health.

Support for research towards understanding the population health vulnerabilities to vector-borne diseases: increasing resilience under climate change conditions in Africa

Climate Change and Human Health Literature Portal

Author(s):   Ramirez B
Year:   2017
Journal:   Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 6 (1): 164

Source: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0378-z   https://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29228976  

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Diseases transmitted to humans by vectors account for 17% of all infectious diseases and remain significant public health problems. Through the years, great strides have been taken towards combatting vector-borne diseases (VBDs), most notably through large scale and coordinated control programmes, which have contributed to the decline of the global mortality attributed to VBDs. However, with environmental changes, including climate change, the impact on VBDs is anticipated to be significant, in terms of VBD-related hazards, vulnerabilities and exposure. While there is growing awareness on the vulnerability of the African continent to VBDs in the context of climate change, there is still a paucity of research being undertaken in this area, and impeding the formulation of evidence-based health policy change. MAIN BODY: One way in which the gap in knowledge and evidence can be filled is for donor institutions to support research in this area. The collaboration between the WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) and the International Centre for Research and Development (IDRC) builds on more than 10 years of partnership in research capacity-building in the field of tropical diseases. From this partnership was born yet another research initiative on VBDs and the impact of climate change in the Sahel and sub-Saharan Africa. This paper lists the projects supported under this research initiative and provides a brief on some of the policy and good practice recommendations emerging from the ongoing implementation of the research projects. CONCLUSION: Data generated from the research initiative are expected to be uptaken by stakeholders (including communities, policy makers, public health practitioners and other relevant partners) to contribute to a better understanding of the impacts of social, environmental and climate change on VBDs(i.e. the nature of the hazard, vulnerabilities, exposure), and improve the ability of African countries to adapt to and reduce the effects of these changes in ways that benefit their most vulnerable populations.

Resource Description

  • Cross-cutting Themes: Adaptation, Policy, Sociodemographic Vulnerability
  • Exposure : What is this?

    weather or climate related pathway by which climate change affects health

    Ecosystem Change, General Exposure
  • Geographic Feature: What is this?

    resource focuses on specific type of geography

    Desert
  • Geographic Location: What is this?

    resource focuses on specific location

    Non-United States
  • Non-United States: Africa
  • Health Impact: What is this?

    specification of health effect or disease related to climate change exposure

    Infectious Disease
  • Infectious Disease: Vectorborne Disease
  • Resource Type: What is this?

    format or standard characteristic of resource

    Commentary/Opinion
  • Adaptation: Intervention, Resilience
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