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Chemical Properties

CAS Registry Number: 9002-88-4

Selected information from two of the National Library of Medicine's databases: ChemIDPlus2 and HSDB3.

Names 1

  • Ethene, Homopolymer (9ci)
  • Polyethylene AS
  • Polyethylene AS med mol. wt.

Structure

Chemical Structure for Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 9002-88-4 from NLM

Synonyms (Sources: NTP,HSDB,RTECS,MESH)2

  • Alathon 7140
  • Alathon 7511
  • Alcowax 6
  • Aldyl A
  • Alithon 7050
  • Alkathene
  • Allied PE 617
  • Alphex FIT 221
  • Ambythene
  • Amoco 610A4
  • BPE-I
  • Bakelite DFD 330
  • Bakelite DHDA 4080
  • Bakelite DYNH
  • Bareco polywax 2000
  • Bareco wax C 7500
  • Bicolene C
  • Bralen KB 2-11
  • Bulen A
  • Carlona PXB
  • Courlene-X3
  • Epolene C
  • Epolene E
  • Epolene N
  • Etherin
  • Ethylene polymer
  • Grex
  • HI-Fax
  • HSDB 7602
  • Hizex

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Other Registry Numbers2

  • 101484-63-3
  • 101484-75-7
  • 101484-82-6
  • 1021428-03-4
  • 103843-11-4
  • 106705-26-4
  • 110736-46-4
  • 11098-28-5
  • 11119-24-7
  • 11119-25-8
  • 112041-35-7
  • 112821-11-1
  • 112821-13-3
  • 113690-26-9
  • 1137119-09-5
  • 114013-55-7
  • 114451-17-1
  • 114471-09-9
  • 1187527-29-2
  • 121761-95-3
  • 1227178-23-5
  • 1228118-98-6
  • 126040-16-2
  • 126040-17-3
  • 126879-40-1
  • 12728-29-9
  • 1281939-84-1
  • 131461-84-2
  • 131461-85-3
  • 1365657-57-3
  • 1365657-58-4
  • 136958-80-0
  • 1383916-56-0
  • 1393813-70-1
  • 142985-61-3
  • 150632-74-9
  • 151595-17-4
  • 153302-16-0
  • 156799-29-0
  • 159251-50-0
  • 160612-77-1
  • 161051-67-8
  • 163751-84-6
  • 172451-63-7
  • 174594-04-8
  • 176365-96-1
  • 177529-72-5
  • 177771-90-3
  • 177893-37-7
  • 183076-46-2
  • 184182-05-6
  • 187175-95-7
  • 187619-93-8
  • 189120-95-4
  • 191490-32-1
  • 199128-49-9
  • 201948-42-7
  • 202876-24-2
  • 208196-83-2
  • 211174-40-2
  • 211866-91-0
  • 211866-97-6
  • 212134-14-0
  • 213018-57-6
  • 214692-40-7
  • 220674-43-1
  • 252039-68-2
  • 253608-55-8
  • 263163-59-3
  • 265646-93-3
  • 273402-64-5
  • 286388-87-2
  • 303981-04-6
  • 339991-93-4
  • 345581-20-6
  • 362051-28-3
  • 37310-97-7
  • 37331-40-1
  • 37349-69-2
  • 37353-94-9
  • 391249-80-2
  • 39307-01-2
  • 39421-91-5
  • 438467-21-1
  • 500354-84-7
  • 51274-11-4
  • 51329-76-1
  • 51329-83-0
  • 52434-22-7
  • 53238-84-9
  • 53568-47-1
  • 53850-97-8
  • 558440-23-6
  • 56833-20-6
  • 57158-09-5
  • 583878-74-4
  • 58391-66-5
  • 592532-81-5
  • 602330-97-2
  • 602330-99-4
  • 61614-28-6
  • 62449-67-6
  • 63100-66-3
  • 64296-52-2
  • 662139-05-1
  • 66797-04-4
  • 66829-22-9
  • 67383-00-0
  • 67462-86-6
  • 70431-24-2
  • 71212-21-0
  • 73247-15-1
  • 73730-00-4
  • 73989-65-8
  • 74238-84-9
  • 74238-85-0
  • 74238-87-2
  • 74812-17-2
  • 79806-01-2
  • 79818-93-2
  • 81544-07-2
  • 81604-67-3
  • 851974-59-9
  • 851974-60-2
  • 852465-21-5
  • 853066-79-2
  • 86089-97-6
  • 86168-38-9
  • 862280-24-8
  • 863603-97-8
  • 866927-47-1
  • 87521-12-8
  • 881176-34-7
  • 895130-83-3
  • 9041-32-1
  • 9082-15-9
  • 910450-27-0
  • 91449-15-9
  • 91728-25-5
  • 917487-03-7
  • 922501-36-8
  • 940910-77-0
  • 945217-09-4
  • 95327-26-7
  • 95918-19-7
  • 95918-26-6

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Chemical Properties3

Property Description
Boiling Point
  • None Found
Color/Form
  • Plastic solid of milky transparency
Corrosivity
  • None Found
Critical Temperature & Pressure
  • None Found
Density/Specific Gravity
  • 0.915 (low density polyethylene); 0.95 (high density polyethylene)
Dissociation Constants
  • None Found
Heat Of Combustion
  • None Found
Heat Of Vaporization
  • None Found
Melting Point
  • 240 deg F (low density polyethylene); 275 deg F (high density polyethylene)
Molecular Weight
  • 1500 to 100,000
Odor
  • None Found
Other Chemical/Physical Properties
  • Tensile strength 1500 psi (low density polyethylene); 4000 psi (high density polyethylene)
Relative Evaporation Rate
  • None Found
Solubilities
  • Soluble in organic solvents above 200 deg F
Spectral Properties
  • None Found
Surface Tension
  • None Found
Taste
  • None Found
Vapor Density
  • None Found
Vapor Pressure
  • Negligible at 25 deg C
Viscosity
  • None Found
log P (octanol-water)
  • None Found
pH
  • None Found

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Uses3

  • Blow molded products, injection molded items, film and sheet, piping fibers, gasoline and oil containers. /high density polyethylene/ **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: European uses: High-density polyethylene's (hdPE) main outlet is in blow-molded products such as milk bottles, packaging containers, drums, car fuel tanks, toys, and houseware. Film and sheet are widely used in wrappings, refuse sacks, carrier bags, and industrial liners. Injection molding products include crates, pallets, packaging containers, houseware, and toys. Extrusion grades are used in pipes, conduit, wire coating, and cable insulation. **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: European uses: Linear low-density polyethylene (lldPE) is a thermoplastic that in many applications replaces its predecessor, low-density polyethylene (ldPE), or is used in blends with ldPE. In particular, lldPE's short chain branching gives it higher tensile strength, puncture and anti-tear properties, making it especially suitable for film applications. Other uses include injection molding products and wire and cable. Metallocene-based lldPE resins are penetrating the film and packaging markets due to their enhanced physical properties, while catalyst developments should improve their processability. **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: Major uses of high-density polyethylene in 2003
    Major uses of high-density polyethylene in 2003 (percent)

    Uses Percent
    Blow molding 40
    Injection molding 20
    Film 20
    Pipe and conduit 13
    Sheet 6
    Wire and cable 1
    **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: Major uses of high-density polyethylene in 2006 in the US
    Major uses of high-density polyethylene in 2006 (percent)

    Uses Percent
    Blow molding 40
    Injection molding 19
    Film 19
    Pipe and conduit 16
    Sheet 5
    Wire and cable 1
    **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: Major uses of linear low-density polyethylene in 2006 in the US
    Major uses of linear low-density polyethylene in 2006 (percent)

    Uses Percent
    Film 66
    Injection molding 9
    Rotomolding 5
    Wire and cable 3
    Sheets 1
    Pipe 1
    Miscellaneous (including extrusion coating, adhesive and sealants, and blow molding) 15
    **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: Major uses of low-density polyethylene in 2006 in the US
    Major uses of low-density polyethylene in 2006 (percent)

    Uses Percent
    Film 55
    Extrusion coating 22
    Injection molding 8
    Wire and cable 4
    Adhesives and sealants 2
    Sheets 2
    Blow molding 1
    Miscellaneous (including pipe, conduit and rotomolding) 6
    **PEER REVIEWED**
  • CHEMICAL PROFILE: Major uses of polyethylene in 2003
    Major uses of polyethylene in 2003 (percent)

    Uses Percent
    Film 60
    Injection molding 16
    Rotomolding 9
    Wire and cable 5
    Sheet 2
    Pipe 1
    Other (including extrusion coating, adhesives and sealants, and blow molding) 7
    **PEER REVIEWED**
  • Laboratory tubing; in making prostheses; electrical insulation; packaging materials; kitchenware; tank and pipe linings; paper coatings; textile stiffeners. **PEER REVIEWED**
  • Major uses of polyethylenes include hot-melt adhesives for applications requiring high temperature performance, additives to improve the processing of plastics, slip and rub additives for inks and paints. Some by-product polyethylene waxes have been recently introduced. **PEER REVIEWED**
  • Packaging film (especially for food products), paper coating, liners for drums and other shipping containers, wire and cable coating, toys, cordage, refuse and waste bags, chewing gum base, squeeze bottles, electric insulation. /low density polyethylene/ **PEER REVIEWED**
  • Polyethylene is used for a variety of purposes in cosmetics, including as an abrasive, adhesive, binder or bulking agent, an emulsion stabilizer, a film former, an oral care agent, and as a non-aqueous-viscosity increasing agent. **PEER REVIEWED**
  • The medical uses of Polyethylene include dentistry, plastic stents in the treatment of malignant biliary structures, micro-sutures used in gynecology microsurgery, intrauterine contraceptive devices, strips in breast augmentations, and orthopedic implants. **PEER REVIEWED**

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Notes (Sources: NTP,HSDB,RTECS,MESH)2

  • A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.

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Superlist Classes2

  • Overall Carcinogenic Evaluation: Group 3

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Links to Additional Information2

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Footnotes

1 Source: the NTP's CEBS database.

2 Source: the National Library of Medicine's ChemIDPlus, 02/28/2017.

3 Source: the National Library of Medicine's Hazardous Substance Database, 02/28/2017.

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