The vision of NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. Below are some research highlights from NIEHS scientists since its founding in 1966.
Click on the headers below (Date and Title) to sort by year or title. Click on the tags below each highlight to filter by tag, or use the search box to enter a search term.
Environmental Genome Project looks at gene variations: Some people develop disease while others do not
A new program is announced to explore gene variations, or polymorphisms, that influence people's susceptibility to environmental exposures that cause disease in some people but not others.
Low-calorie diet slows bladder cancer
Low-calorie diets can slow the development of bladder cancer in mice by reducing the level of a key hormone called insulin-like growth factor 1, NIEHS research showed. This research established the role of caloric restriction in the prevention of certain cancers, and identified insulin-like growth factor 1 as a key risk factor in the development and progression of cancer.
Prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) reduces IQ in children
Children's health researchers demonstrated that children who are exposed to relatively small amounts of PCBs before birth have higher rates of low-normal IQ scores, poor reading comprehension, and memory problems.
Gene cloned that suppresses prostate cancer
NIEHS researchers identified and cloned a gene that suppresses the spread of prostate cancer.
Phenolphthalein, a common laxative, linked to ovarian and other cancers
Experiments conducted by NIEHS researchers show that phenolphthalein, a widely used laxative, causes ovarian and other cancers in laboratory rats and mice.