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Your Environment. Your Health.

PRINCIPAL COMPONENT PURSUIT TO ASSESS EXPOSURE TO ENVIRONMENTAL MIXTURES IN EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES

Export to Word (http://www.niehs.nih.gov//portfolio/index.cfm/portfolio/grantdetail/grant_number/R01ES028805/format/word)
Principal Investigator: Kioumourtzoglou, Marianthi-Anna
Institute Receiving Award Columbia University Health Sciences
Location New York, NY
Grant Number R01ES028805
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 01 Jan 2018 to 31 Dec 2021
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary Traditionally, environmental epidemiologic studies have focused on assessing risks related to a single pollutant at a time. This, however, does not reflect reality, since we are constantly exposed to multiple pollutants at once. It is very important, therefore, to be able to assess exposure to pollutant mixtures when conducting environmental epidemiologic methods. Doing so, however, is especially challenging, mainly due to the high dimension of the multi-pollutant exposure matrix (if the exposure of interest includes more than e.g. 5 or 10 chemicals) and because these pollutants are usually very highly correlated with each other. Although some methods are available to address these issues, they usually require strong assumptions and have severe limitations. With this study we propose to bypass most of these limitations by adapting and extending a novel and robust method to assess exposure to multiple pollutants, called Principal Component Pursuit (PCP). We will assess the performance of PCP synthetic datasets representing multiple potential scenarios and study designs, and compare our results to those obtained by existing methods. Subsequently, we will apply PCP to three important Public Health issues, i.e. to evaluate the associations between (i) in utero exposure to a mixture of PCBs and neurodevelopment, (ii) exposure to a metals mixture and cardiovascular health, and (iii) exposure to an air pollution mixture and emergency cardiovascular admissions. Finally, we will develop and share software so other researchers can freely use this novel, robust and flexible tool across a plethora of study designs and research questions. Our proposed work will be significant as it will provide epidemiologists with a novel and robust tool to assess exposure to environmental pollutant mixtures.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 16 - Mixtures
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Bonnie Joubert
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