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Your Environment. Your Health.

SYSTEMS-WIDE ANALYSIS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS-RESPONSIVE M6A EPITRANSCRIPTOME

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Principal Investigator: Weng, Yi-Lan
Institute Receiving Award Methodist Hospital Research Institute
Location Houston,, TX
Grant Number R01ES031511
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 15 Jun 2020 to 31 Mar 2025
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT The recent emergence of the epitranscriptomics field has opened the possibility to understand and manipulate a previously underappreciated regulatory layer involved in biological processes. In particular, our research focuses on m6A as a candidate of interest given that it is the most prevalent RNA modification in the nervous system that controls multiple aspects of RNA metabolism. We have previously shown the critical roles of m6A regulation in axonal plasticity and synaptic activity. This proposal extends our research scope and focuses on how the m6A epitranscriptome responds to environmental perturbation using innovative methods for the identification of biomarkers and molecular pathways linked to adverse outcomes. We will use system-wide approaches to address the following questions: (i) What is the mechanism to remodel the m6A epitranscriptome upon toxicant exposure, (ii) How do the dynamics of m6A reshape the transcriptome? (iii) What are the characteristics of mis-localized RNA that are associated with disease state and risk? We expect that our proposed study will significantly advance our understanding of how epitranscriptomic regulatory processes constitute key pathogenic mechanisms following environmental challenges. Data gained from our systematic profiling and functional validation may offer new opportunities for developing diagnostics and/or biomarkers to facilitate the development of more effective prevention and treatment strategies for these diseases.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 10 - Epigenetics
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Frederick Tyson
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