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Your Environment. Your Health.

RETROSPECTIVE ASSESSMENT OF RADON PROGENY AND POLLUTION EFFECTS IN COPD

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Principal Investigator: Garshick, Eric
Institute Receiving Award Harvard Medical School
Location Boston, MA
Grant Number R21ES029637
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 01 Aug 2019 to 31 Jul 2021
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Radon (Rn) is a radioactive gas that decays into radiation-emitting progenies capable of inducing cellular damage once inhaled. Residential exposure to Rn is common; however, current health concerns and regulations are based only on its effects as a lung carcinogen. It is not known whether exposure to Rn decay products results in other, non-cancer, adverse health effects, as we propose in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. In this exploratory and developmental application, we will assess whether exposure to Rn decay products, as assessed using lead-210 (210Pb), the progeny with the longest half-life, enhances the toxicity (and health effects) of air pollution particles. In 170 Eastern Massachusetts COPD patients, we have previously assessed indoor-home exposures to PM2.5 and black carbon by collecting up to four 7-day samples seasonally over the period of one year. Since 210Pb is in equilibrium with alpha (α)-emitting progeny on archived PM2.5 filter samples, the measurement of total α- radiation emitted from them will permit back-calculation of residential 210Pb levels (as a surrogate measure of Rn progeny) present at the time of sampling. Therefore, we will investigate whether exposure to Rn progeny (as210Pb) modifies (increases) the effect of PM2.5 and black carbon on: 1) plasma biomarkers of systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein and interleukin-6); 2) urinary biomarkers of oxidative damage to lipids (malondialdehyde) and DNA (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine); and 3) pulmonary function (FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC). This research design encompasses a strong and novel exposure component linked to clinically relevant and mechanistic outcomes. These are relevant to the health of COPD patients, which is a common disease affecting approximately 11% of the US population older than age 55 years.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 69 - Respiratory
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Bonnie Joubert
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