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Your Environment. Your Health.

PCOS AND ANDROGEN-RELATED DISEASE MODELING AND DRUG TESTING IN MULTI-ORGAN INTEGRATED MICROFLUIDIC REPRODUCTIVE PLATFORM

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Principal Investigator: Kim, Ji-Yong Julie
Institute Receiving Award Northwestern University At Chicago
Location Chicago, IL
Grant Number UH3ES029073
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 15 Sep 2019 to 31 Aug 2022
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary Microfluidic systems have been developed that support 28 day reproductive cycles including ovarian follicle growth, ovulation, and luteinization with the accompanying changes in estradiol and progesterone. The oocytes that are released from the follicle in this setting are healthy and have the predicted nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation phenotypes of in vivo ovulated oocytes. We have integrated the ovarian tissue and cycling hormone profiles into a multiplexed microdynamic unit that includes human fallopian tube tissue, uterine endometrium, cervix, and liver organoids. We have also adapted mouse islets and separately, human testis and prostate into similarly bioactive systems. The purpose of this application is to further our work by implementing a next generation microfluidic system that has been created for the express purpose of a high throughput robotics setting that will enable drug testing of integrated organ systems that mimic a variety of reproductive diseases. The hypothesis that will be tested in that we can create an in vitro microfluidic system that represents hallmarks of polycystic ovary syndrome, a multiorgan disease that affects 8-10% of reproductive age women and for whom there is no adequate in vitro model. During the past 4 years of work, we developed the first generation microfluidic platform that permitted the hormone and tissue level function above. In aim 1 of the present application, we will finalize a new system that was built expressly for a robotics laboratory. This system is made of materials that does not absorb steroids and has pumping profiles that are stable up to one month. Prototypes have also been handled robotically. Onboard controllers, pumps and batteries have been adapted with the goal of a low cost, reusable device that could be easily used in an incubator as well as the larger scale-screening laboratory. Our goal is to develop a device that will replace all ordinary plated culture work so that biologists can move away from studying flat cells in static waste- accumulating models. In aim 2 we will establish models of PCOS for each organ and for the organs connected to each other and test a variety of drugs in aim 3 that will alter androgen or insulin metabolism. This will be done with Astrazeneca. Taken together, our studies will provide a next generation toolbox important to women's health and to the broader field of cell biology.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 70 - Tissue Engineering
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Leslie Reinlib
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