Title: Coordinate accumulation of five transcripts in the primary mesenchyme during skeletogenesis in the sea urchin embryo.
Authors: Harkey, M A; Whiteley, H R; Whiteley, A H
Published In Dev Biol, (1988 Feb)
Abstract: The sea urchin larval skeleton is produced by the primary mesenchyme (PM), a group of 32 cells descended from the four micromeres of the 16-cell embryo. The development of this lineage proceeds normally in isolated cultures of micromeres. A complementary DNA (cDNA) library was generated from cytoplasmic polyadenylated RNA isolated from differentiated micromere cultures of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Five clones were selected on the basis of their enrichment in differentiated PM cell RNA as compared to the polyribosomal RNAs of other embryonic cell types and other developmental stages. Each cloned cDNA hybridized to a distinct RNA that was abundant in the polyribosomes of differentiated PM cells, but absent from larval ectoderm and from 16-cell embryos. These RNAs were encoded by single or low copy genes. In situ hybridization analysis of the most abundant of these RNAs (SpLM 18) demonstrated that it was specifically limited to the skeletogenic PM of intact embryos. During the development of the PM, all five RNAs exhibited the same schedule of accumulation, appearing de novo, or increasing abruptly just before PM ingression, and remaining at relatively high levels thereafter. This pattern of RNA accumulation closely paralleled the pattern of synthesis of PM-specific proteins in general (Harkey and Whiteley, 1983) and of the SpLM 18-encoded protein specifically (Leaf et al., 1987). These results indicate that at least five distinct genes in the sea urchin, each of which encodes a PM-enriched or PM-specific mRNA, are expressed with tight coordination during development of the larval skeleton. They also demonstrate that expression of these genes in the PM is regulated primarily at the level of RNA abundance rather than RNA utilization.
PubMed ID: 2892749
MeSH Terms: Animals; DNA/genetics; Gene Expression Regulation; Larva; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Poly A/biosynthesis*; Poly A/genetics; RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis*; RNA, Messenger/genetics; Sea Urchins/embryology*; Sea Urchins/genetics; Sea Urchins/ultrastructure