Title: Gene profiling of normal human bronchial epithelial cells in response to asbestos and benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE).
Authors: Belitskaya-Levy, Ilana; Hajjou, Mustapha; Su, Wei-cheng; Yie, Ting-An; Tchou-Wong, Kam-Meng; Tang, Moon-shong; Goldberg, Judith D; Rom, William N
Published In J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol, (2007)
Abstract: Asbestos and benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) are pulmonary carcinogens with synergistic interaction in causing lung cancer. We used Affymetrix microarrays to study gene modulation in vitro using normal human bronchial epithelial cells exposed to chrysotile asbestos and/or BPDE for 4 or 24 h. Linear models were used to compare treated cells to controls at each time point to identify statistically significant up- or downregulation of genes. Profiles of genes regulated by chrysotile were dominated by cytokines, growth factors, and DNA damage. Profiles of genes with BPDE and chrysotile regulation were correlated with proliferation, DNA damage recognition and nucleotide-excision repair, cytokines, and apoptosis. Chemokines, growth-regulated oncogene-alpha (Gro-alpha, CXCL-1), and IL-8, were significantly increased, and these had previously been observed in bronchoalveolar lavage from asbestos workers or in animal models. Interestingly, the Hermansky-Pudlak gene, which is mutated in an autosomal recessive form of pulmonary fibrosis, was downregulated threefold by BPDE at 4 h. This is an interesting example of gene (Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome) and environment (BPDE) interaction. Transcription factors, including activating transcription factor 3 and Cbp/p300-interacting transactivator, were upregulated by chrysotile. Real Time PCR for IL-8, ATF-3, GADD45B, CXC Ligand 1, and CTGF compared to GAPDH validated microarray findings at 24 h. These in vitro findings in NHBE cells model environment-gene interaction for asbestos and BPDE, highlighting effects of inflammation, fibrosis, proliferation, and DNA damage recognition and repair.
PubMed ID: 18197826
MeSH Terms: 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide/toxicity*; Asbestos, Serpentine/toxicity*; Bronchi/cytology; Bronchi/drug effects*; Bronchi/metabolism; Cells, Cultured; Down-Regulation; Drug Synergism; Epithelial Cells/drug effects*; Epithelial Cells/metabolism; Gene Expression Profiling*; Gene Expression/drug effects*; Humans; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Up-Regulation