Title: Evidence of alterations in base excision repair of oxidative DNA damage during spontaneous hepatocarcinogenesis in Long Evans Cinnamon rats.
Authors: Choudhury, Sujata; Zhang, Ronghe; Frenkel, Krystyna; Kawamori, Toshihiko; Chung, Fung-Lung; Roy, Rabindra
Published In Cancer Res, (2003 Nov 15)
Abstract: The Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rat, an animal model for Wilson's disease, is an inbred mutant strain, which because of the genetic copper metabolism disorder develops hepatitis approximately 4 months after birth, followed by chronic hepatitis later in life, and eventually all of the surviving animals from liver injury and hepatitis develop spontaneous hepatocellular carcinomas. This animal model also shows that the generation of reactive oxygen species and the accumulation of oxidative damage in the liver DNA has significantly increased over the lifetime of LEC versus the wild-type Long-Evans Agouti (LEA) rats. Thus, the LEC rats having this genetically induced oxidative condition are proved to be very useful model for the study of endogenous DNA lesions and their relation to spontaneous carcinogenesis. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that differences do exist between these two rat strains in respect to their capacity to repair oxidative DNA base modification, which could explain the elevation of endogenous oxidative damage in the LEC rat liver DNA. We found that both the activity and expression at the protein and RNA levels of major DNA glycosylases, endonuclease III and 8-oxoguanine DNA-glycosylase, which initiate the excision and repair of oxidized bases, were significantly altered during the acute (16-18 weeks) and early chronic (24 weeks) phases of hepatitis. Enzyme levels were restored in the later period of chronic hepatitis (week 40) in the LEC rat liver as compared with the age-matched LEA rats. This early reduction in the capacity to repair oxidative DNA base damage could have contributed to the accumulation of mutagenic adducts in liver DNA. These findings show for the first time in an animal model that acute hepatitis impairs the repair of oxidative DNA base damage and strongly suggest that the repair of endogenous DNA adducts plays a critical role in the development of spontaneous hepatocellular carcinoma in LEC rats.
PubMed ID: 14633694
MeSH Terms: Animals; DNA Damage*; DNA Glycosylases/biosynthesis; DNA Glycosylases/genetics; DNA Glycosylases/metabolism; DNA Repair/genetics; DNA Repair/physiology*; DNA/metabolism; Deoxyribonuclease (Pyrimidine Dimer)/biosynthesis; Deoxyribonuclease (Pyrimidine Dimer)/genetics; Deoxyribonuclease (Pyrimidine Dimer)/metabolism; Hepatitis, Animal/metabolism; Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/enzymology; Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/genetics*; Liver Neoplasms, Experimental/metabolism; Liver/enzymology; Male; Oxidative Stress; RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis; RNA, Messenger/genetics; Rats; Rats, Inbred LEC; Rats, Long-Evans; Uracil/analogs & derivatives*; Uracil/metabolism