Title: Computational Techniques for Spatial Logistic Regression with Large Datasets.
Authors: Paciorek, Christopher J
Published In Comput Stat Data Anal, (2007 May 01)
Abstract: In epidemiological research, outcomes are frequently non-normal, sample sizes may be large, and effect sizes are often small. To relate health outcomes to geographic risk factors, fast and powerful methods for fitting spatial models, particularly for non-normal data, are required. I focus on binary outcomes, with the risk surface a smooth function of space, but the development herein is relevant for non-normal data in general. I compare penalized likelihood models, including the penalized quasi-likelihood (PQL) approach, and Bayesian models based on fit, speed, and ease of implementation.A Bayesian model using a spectral basis representation of the spatial surface via the Fourier basis provides the best tradeoff of sensitivity and specificity in simulations, detecting real spatial features while limiting overfitting and being reasonably computationally efficient. One of the contributions of this work is further development of this underused representation. The spectral basis model outperforms the penalized likelihood methods, which are prone to overfitting, but is slower to fit and not as easily implemented. A Bayesian Markov random field model performs less well statistically than the spectral basis model, but is very computationally efficient. We illustrate the methods on a real dataset of cancer cases in Taiwan.The success of the spectral basis with binary data and similar results with count data suggest that it may be generally useful in spatial models and more complicated hierarchical models.
PubMed ID: 18443645
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication