Title: Simultaneous tracking of fly movement and gene expression using GFP.
Authors: Grover, Dhruv; Yang, Junsheng; Tavare, Simon; Tower, John
Published In BMC Biotechnol, (2008)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) is used extensively as a reporter for transgene expression in Drosophila and other organisms. However, GFP has not generally been used as a reporter for circadian patterns of gene expression, and it has not previously been possible to correlate patterns of reporter expression with 3D movement and behavior of transgenic animals. RESULTS: We present a video tracking system that allows tissue-specific GFP expression to be quantified and correlated with 3D animal movement in real time. eyeless/Pax6 reporter expression had a 12 hr period that correlated with fly activity levels. hsp70 and hsp22 gene reporters were induced during fly aging in circadian patterns (24 hr and 18 hr periods, respectively), and spiked in the hours preceding and overlapping the death of the animal. The phase of hsp gene reporter expression relative to fly activity levels was different for each fly, and remained the same throughout the life span. CONCLUSION: These experiments demonstrate that GFP can readily be used to assay longitudinally fly movement and tissue-specific patterns of gene expression. The hsp22-GFP and hsp70-GFP expression patterns were found to reflect accurately the endogenous gene expression patterns, including induction during aging and circadian periodicity. The combination of these new tracking methods with the hsp-GFP reporters revealed additional information, including a spike in hsp22 and hsp70 reporter expression preceding death, and an intriguing fly-to-fly variability in the phase of hsp70 and hsp22 reporter expression patterns. These methods allow specific temporal patterns of gene expression to be correlated with temporal patterns of animal activity, behavior and mortality.
PubMed ID: 19087237
MeSH Terms: Animals; Behavior, Animal; Circadian Rhythm; Drosophila Proteins/genetics; Drosophila Proteins/metabolism; Drosophila melanogaster/genetics; Drosophila melanogaster/physiology*; Gene Expression*; Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics; Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism*; Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics; Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism; Movement; Organ Specificity; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics; Recombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolism