Title: LRpath: a logistic regression approach for identifying enriched biological groups in gene expression data.
Authors: Sartor, Maureen A; Leikauf, George D; Medvedovic, Mario
Published In Bioinformatics, (2009 Jan 15)
Abstract: The elucidation of biological pathways enriched with differentially expressed genes has become an integral part of the analysis and interpretation of microarray data. Several statistical methods are commonly used in this context, but the question of the optimal approach has still not been resolved.We present a logistic regression-based method (LRpath) for identifying predefined sets of biologically related genes enriched with (or depleted of) differentially expressed transcripts in microarray experiments. We functionally relate the odds of gene set membership with the significance of differential expression, and calculate adjusted P-values as a measure of statistical significance. The new approach is compared with Fisher's exact test and other relevant methods in a simulation study and in the analysis of two breast cancer datasets. Overall results were concordant between the simulation study and the experimental data analysis, and provide useful information to investigators seeking to choose the appropriate method. LRpath displayed robust behavior and improved statistical power compared with tested alternatives. It is applicable in experiments involving two or more sample types, and accepts significance statistics of the investigator's choice as input.
PubMed ID: 19038984
MeSH Terms: Algorithms; Computer Simulation; Databases, Genetic; Gene Expression; Gene Expression Profiling/methods*; Gene Expression Profiling/statistics & numerical data; Logistic Models; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods*; Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/statistics & numerical data; Signal Transduction/genetics