Title: Protective effects of anti-ricin A-chain RNA aptamer against ricin toxicity.
Authors: Fan, Shaoan; Wu, Feng; Martiniuk, Frank; Hale, Martha L; Ellington, Andrew D; Tchou-Wong, Kam-Meng
Published In World J Gastroenterol, (2008 Nov 07)
Abstract: To investigate the therapeutic potential of an RNA ligand (aptamer) specific for the catalytic ricin A-chain (RTA), the protective effects of a 31-nucleotide RNA aptamer (31RA), which formed a high affinity complex with RTA, against ricin-induced toxicity in cell-based luciferase translation and cell cytotoxicity assays were evaluated.To test the therapeutic potential of anti-RTA aptamers in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) AA8 cells stably transfected with a tetracycline regulatable promoter, ricin ribotoxicity was measured using luciferase and ricin-induced cytotoxicity was ascertained by MTS cell proliferation assay with tetrazolium compound [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium].Inhibition of protein synthesis by ricin in CHO AA8 cells resulted in diminished luciferase activity and treatment with polyclonal antibody against deglycosylated RTA (dgA) neutralized the inhibitory effects of ricin on luciferase activity and protected against ricin-induced cytotoxicity as measured by MTS assay. The 31RA anti-RTA aptamer inhibited the translation of luciferase mRNA in cell-free reticulocyte translation assay. 31RA aptamer also partially neutralized the inhibitory effects of ricin on luciferase activity and partially protected against ricin-induced cytotoxicity in CHO AA8 cells.We have shown that anti-RTA RNA aptamer can protect against ricin ribotoxicity in cell-based luciferase and cell cytotoxicity assays. Hence, RNA aptamer that inhibits RTA enzymatic activity represents a novel class of nucleic acid inhibitor that has the potential to be developed as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of ricin intoxication.
PubMed ID: 19009652
MeSH Terms: Animals; Antidotes/metabolism; Antidotes/pharmacology*; Aptamers, Nucleotide/metabolism; Aptamers, Nucleotide/pharmacology*; CHO Cells; Cell Proliferation/drug effects*; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Genes, Reporter; Kinetics; Luciferases/genetics; Protein Biosynthesis/drug effects*; Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/metabolism; Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/toxicity*; Ricin/genetics; Ricin/metabolism; Ricin/toxicity*; Transfection