Title: The muc genes of pKM101 are induced by DNA damage.
Authors: Elledge, S J; Walker, G C
Published In J Bacteriol, (1983 Sep)
Abstract: A gene fusion was constructed in vitro that resulted in the synthesis of a hybrid protein consisting of the amino-terminal segment of the MucB protein of the mutagenesis-enhancing plasmid pKM101 joined to an enzymatically active carboxy-terminal segment of the beta-galactosidase protein. In strains bearing this fusion, beta-galactosidase activity was induced by UV radiation and other DNA-damaging agents. A genetic analysis of the regulation of expression of the phi (mucB'-lacZ') fusion was consistent with the LexA protein acting as the direct repressor of the mucB gene. Examination of the expression of the mucA and phi (mucB'-lacZ') gene products in maxicells in the presence and absence of a high-copy-number plasmid carrying the lexA+ gene demonstrated that lexA regulated both the mucA and mucB genes, thus supporting our conclusion that the two genes are organized in an operon with the mucA gene transcribed first. An analysis of the effects of the recA430(lexB30) mutation on muc expression led to the discovery of the differential ability of the recA430 gene product to induce expression of a dinB::Mu d1(Ap lac) fusion located on the chromosome and the same phi (dinB'-lacZ+) fusion cloned into plasmid pBR322. Models to account for the role of the recA430 allele on the expression of damage-inducible genes and on mutagenesis are discussed.
PubMed ID: 6350267
MeSH Terms: Bacterial Proteins/physiology; DNA, Bacterial/radiation effects; DNA, Recombinant; Escherichia coli/genetics*; Gene Expression Regulation; Genes, Bacterial*; Mutation*; Operon; Plasmids*; Rec A Recombinases; Serine Endopeptidases*; Transcription, Genetic; Ultraviolet Rays