Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Tumor challenges in immunotoxicity testing.

Authors: Ng, Sheung; Yoshida, Kotaro; Zelikoff, Judith T

Published In Methods Mol Biol, (2010)

Abstract: Syngeneic murine tumor models have been widely used by researchers to assess changes in tumor susceptibility associated with exposure to toxicants. Two common tumor models used to define host resistance against transplanted tumors in vivo are EL4 mouse lymphoma cells (established from a lymphoma induced in a C57BL/6 mouse by 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene) and B16F10 mouse melanoma cells (derived through variant selection from a B16 melanoma arising spontaneously in C57BL/6 mice). While C57BL/6 mice are commonly used as the syngeneic host for these tumor models, other mouse strains such as B(6)C(3)F(1) (C57BL/6 x C3H) can also be used. Tumor challenge of the host can be done by subcutaneous (sc) or intravenous (iv) injection, depending upon whether the effects are to be examined on local tumor development or experimental/artificial metastasis. Materials and methodologies for injection of both tumor cell models are described in detail in the subsequent sections.

PubMed ID: 19967511 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell Line, Tumor; Female; Immunologic Tests/methods*; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Models, Animal; Neoplasms*/chemically induced; Neoplasms*/immunology; Toxicity Tests/methods*

to Top