Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Circulating cytokines and risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a prospective study.

Authors: Gu, Yian; Shore, Roy E; Arslan, Alan A; Koenig, Karen L; Liu, Mengling; Ibrahim, Sherif; Lokshin, Anna E; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne

Published In Cancer Causes Control, (2010 Aug)

Abstract: Cytokines play important roles in B-cell activation, proliferation, and apoptosis, thus may be etiologically related to risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). However, the association between circulating levels of cytokines and B-NHL risk has not been prospectively studied in non-HIV populations. The objective of this study was to assess this association by conducting a case-control study nested within a prospective cohort of non-HIV-infected, healthy women. Fifteen cytokines were measured in samples collected a median of 8.2 years prior to diagnosis in 92 cases and two matched controls per case. Only cytokines that showed adequate temporal reproducibility over a two-year period were included. The odds ratio (OR) for the highest tertile relative to the lowest was elevated for soluble IL-2 receptor (sIL-2R) (OR = 2.5, 95% CI = 1.4-4.7, p (trend) < 0.01) and decreased for IL-13 (OR = 0.5, 95% CI = 0.2-1.0, p (trend) = 0.05). Three other cytokines were marginally associated with risk of B-NHL: TNF-alpha (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 0.9-3.3, p (trend) = 0.11), sTNF-R2 (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 0.9-3.5, p (trend) = 0.06), and IL-5 (OR = 0.5, 95% CI = 0.3-1.0, p (trend) = 0.06). No association was observed between B-NHL risk and levels of the other cytokines measured (IL-1beta, IL-1RA, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-12p70, CRP and sTNF-R1). This study suggests that dysregulated cytokines may be involved in B-NHL development.

PubMed ID: 20373009 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Adult; Aged; Case-Control Studies; Cytokines/blood*; Female; Humans; Lymphoma, B-Cell/blood*; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors

to Top