Title: Long-term inhalation exposure to nickel nanoparticles exacerbated atherosclerosis in a susceptible mouse model.
Authors: Kang, Gi Soo; Gillespie, Patricia Anne; Gunnison, Albert; Moreira, Andre Luis; Tchou-Wong, Kam-Meng; Chen, Lung-Chi
Published In Environ Health Perspect, (2011 Feb)
Abstract: Because associations have been reported between inhaled ambient ultrafine particles and increased risk of cardiopulmonary disease, it has been suggested that inhaled engineered nanoparticles (NPs) may also induce adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.We examined the long-term cardiovascular effects of inhaled nickel hydroxide NPs (nano-NH) using a sensitive mouse model.Hyperlipidemic, apoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice were exposed to nano-NH at either 0 or 79 ýýg Ni/m3, via a whole-body inhalation system, for 5 hr/day, 5 days/week, for either 1 week or 5 months. We measured various indicators of oxidative stress and inflammation in the lung and cardiovascular tissue, and we determined plaque formation on the ascending aorta.Inhaled nano-NH induced significant oxidative stress and inflammation in the pulmonary and extrapulmonary organs, indicated by up-regulated mRNA levels of certain antioxidant enzyme and inflammatory cytokine genes; increased mitochondrial DNA damage in the aorta; significant signs of inflammation in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid; changes in lung histopathology; and induction of acute-phase response. In addition, after 5-month exposures, nano-NH exacerbated the progression of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice.This is the first study to report long-term cardiovascular toxicity of an inhaled nanomaterial. Our results clearly demonstrate that long-term exposure to inhaled nano-NH can induce oxidative stress and inflammation, not only in the lung but also in the cardiovascular system, and that this stress and inflammation can ultimately contribute to progression of atherosclerosis in ApoE-/- mice.
PubMed ID: 20864429
MeSH Terms: Animals; Atherosclerosis/chemically induced*; DNA, Mitochondrial/drug effects; Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects*; Lung/drug effects; Male; Metal Nanoparticles/administration & dosage; Metal Nanoparticles/toxicity*; Mice; Nickel/administration & dosage; Nickel/toxicity*; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction