Title: Streptomycetes in house dust: associations with housing characteristics and endotoxin.
Authors: Johansson, E; Vesper, S; Levin, L; LeMasters, G; Grinshpun, S; Reponen, T
Published In Indoor Air, (2011 Aug)
Abstract: In addition to mold, indoor bioaerosols also contain bacterial components that may have implications for human health. Endotoxin is a cell wall component in Gram-negative bacteria present at varying levels indoors that has been found to have respiratory health implications. Streptomyces is a large genus of Gram-positive bacteria, and some species have been shown to produce inflammatory reactions in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to determine predictors of streptomycetes levels in house dust and to compare the variation in streptomycetes levels with that in endotoxin levels. Dust was collected by floor vacuuming from 178 homes in the Cincinnati metropolitan area. Streptomycetes levels were measured by quantitative PCR, and endotoxin was assayed by the Limulus amebocyte lysate method. Associations between home characteristics and bacterial contaminants, expressed as concentration and load, were investigated through multiple regression analyses. The presence of two or more dogs was a strong predictor of both streptomycetes and endotoxin levels. Season of dust collection and levels of outdoor molds were predictors of streptomycetes but not endotoxin levels. In contrast, number of inhabitants was a significant predictor of endotoxin load only. Neither streptomycetes nor endotoxin levels were associated with metrics of moisture damage.
PubMed ID: 21204988
MeSH Terms: Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis*; Animals; Animals, Domestic; Cities; Dogs; Dust/analysis*; Endotoxins/analysis*; Environmental Monitoring/methods*; Housing*; Humans; Humidity; Ohio; Predictive Value of Tests; Risk Assessment/methods; Seasons; Streptomyces/growth & development; Streptomyces/isolation & purification*; Temperature; Water/chemistry