Title: Formation and stabilization of combustion-generated, environmentally persistent radicals on Ni(II)O supported on a silica surface.
Authors: Vejerano, Eric; Lomnicki, Slawomir M; Dellinger, Barry
Published In Environ Sci Technol, (2012 Sep 4)
Abstract: Previous studies have indicated environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) are formed when hydroxyl- and chlorine-substituted aromatics chemisorbed on Cu(II)O and Fe(III)(2)O(3) surfaces and were stabilized through their interactions with the surface metal cation. The current study reports our laboratory investigation on the formation and stabilization of EPFRs on a Ni(II)O surface. The EPFRs were produced by the chemisorption of adsorbates on the supported metal oxide surface and transfer of an electron from the adsorbate to the metal center, resulting in reduction of the metal cation. Depending on the temperature and the nature of the adsorbate, more than one type of organic radical was formed. A phenoxyl-type radical, with g-value between 2.0029 and 2.0044, and a semiquinone-type radical, with g-value from 2.0050 to as high as 2.0081, were observed. The half-lives on Ni(II)O were long and ranged from 1.5 to 5.2 days, which were similar to what were observed on Fe(III)(2)O(3). The yields of the EPFRs formed on Ni(II)O were ~8ýý higher than on Cu(II)O and ~50ýý higher than on Fe(III)(2)O(3).
PubMed ID: 22831558
MeSH Terms: Adsorption; Air Pollutants/chemistry*; Free Radicals/chemistry*; Hydrocarbons, Aromatic/chemistry*; Nickel/chemistry*; Silicon Dioxide/chemistry*; Surface Properties; Temperature