Title: Effect of inorganic and organic ligands on the bioavailability of methylmercury as determined by using a mer-lux bioreporter.
Authors: Ndu, Udonna; Mason, Robert P; Zhang, Huan; Lin, Senjie; Visscher, Pieter T
Published In Appl Environ Microbiol, (2012 Oct)
Abstract: A mer-lux bioreporter was constructed to assess the bioavailability of methylmercury [CH(3)Hg(II)] in Escherichia coli. The bioreporter was shown to be sensitive, with a detection limit of 2.5 nM CH(3)Hg(II), and was used to investigate the effects of chlorides, humic acids, and thiols on the bioavailability of CH(3)Hg(II) in E. coli. It was found that increasing the concentration of chlorides resulted in an increase in CH(3)Hg(II) bioavailability, suggesting that there was passive diffusion of the neutral complex (CH(3)HgCl(0)). Humic acids were found to reduce the bioavailability of CH(3)Hg(II) in varying degrees. Complexation with cysteine resulted in increased bioavailability of CH(3)Hg(II), while assays with equivalent concentrations of methionine and leucine had little or no effect on bioavailability. The mechanism of uptake of the mercurial-cysteine complexes is likely not passive diffusion but could result from the activities of a cysteine transport system. The bioavailability of CH(3)Hg(II) decreased with increasing glutathione concentrations.
PubMed ID: 22865079
MeSH Terms: Biological Availability; Chlorides/chemistry; Escherichia coli/metabolism*; Genes, Reporter; Humic Substances; Ligands; Luciferases/analysis; Luciferases/genetics; Methylmercury Compounds/chemistry; Methylmercury Compounds/metabolism; Methylmercury Compounds/pharmacokinetics*; Sulfhydryl Compounds/chemistry