Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Lifetime of combustion-generated environmentally persistent free radicals on Zn(II)O and other transition metal oxides.

Authors: Vejerano, Eric; Lomnicki, Slawo; Dellinger, Barry

Published In J Environ Monit, (2012 Oct 26)

Abstract: Previous studies indicated that Environmentally Persistent Free Radicals (EPFRs) are formed in the post-flame, cool zone of combustion. They result from the chemisorption of gas-phase products of incomplete combustion (particularly hydroxyl- and chlorine-substituted aromatics) on Cu(II)O, Fe(III)(2)O(3), and Ni(II)O domains of particulate matter (fly ash or soot particles). This study reports our detailed laboratory investigation on the lifetime of EPFRs on Zn(II)O/silica surface. Similarly, as in the case of other transition metals, chemisorption of the adsorbate on the Zn(II)O surface and subsequent transfer of electron from the adsorbate to the metal forms a surface-bound EPFR and a reduced metal ion center. The EPFRs are stabilized by their interaction with the metal oxide domain surface. The half-lives of EPFRs formed on Zn(II)O domains were the longest observed among the transition metal oxides studied and ranged from 3 to 73 days. These half-lives were an order of magnitude longer than those formed on nickel and iron oxides, and were 2 orders of magnitude longer compared to the EPFRs on copper oxide which have half-lives only on the order of hours. The longest-lived radicals on Zn(II)O correspond to the persistency in ambient air particles of almost a year. The half-life of EPFRs was found to correlate with the standard reduction potential of the associated metal.

PubMed ID: 22990982 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Air Pollutants/analysis; Air Pollutants/chemistry; Free Radicals/analysis*; Free Radicals/chemistry; Heating; Incineration; Metals/analysis*; Metals/chemistry; Models, Chemical; Oxides/analysis; Oxides/chemistry; Zinc Oxide/analysis; Zinc Oxide/chemistry

to Top