Title: Differential oxidative modification of proteins in MRL+/+ and MRL/lpr mice: Increased formation of lipid peroxidation-derived aldehyde-protein adducts may contribute to accelerated onset of autoimmune response.
Authors: Wang, Gangduo; Li, Hui; Firoze Khan, M
Published In Free Radic Res, (2012 Dec)
Abstract: Even though reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in SLE pathogenesis, the contributory role of ROS, especially the consequences of oxidative modification of proteins by lipid peroxidation-derived aldehydes (LPDAs) such as malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in eliciting an autoimmune response and disease pathogenesis remains largely unexplored. MRL/lpr mice, a widely used model for SLE, spontaneously develop a condition similar to human SLE, whereas MRL+/+ mice with the same MRL background, show much slower onset of SLE. To assess if the differences in the onset of SLE in the two substrains could partly be due to differential expression of LPDAs and to provide evidence for the role of LPDA-modified proteins in SLE pathogenesis, we determined the serum levels of MDA-/HNE-protein adducts, anti-MDA-/HNE-protein adduct antibodies, MDA-/HNE-protein adduct specific immune complexes, and various autoantibodies in 6-, 12- and 18-week old mice of both substrains. The results show age-related increases in the formation of MDA-/HNE-protein adducts, their corresponding antibodies and MDA-/HNE-specific immune complexes, but MRL/lpr mice showed greater and more accelerated response. Interestingly, a highly positive correlation between increased anti-MDA-/HNE-protein adduct antibodies and autoantibodies was observed. More importantly, we further observed that HNE-MSA caused significant inhibition in antinuclear antibodies (ANA) binding to nuclear antigens. These findings suggest that LPDA-modified proteins could be important sources of autoantibodies and CICs in these mice, and thus contribute to autoimmune disease pathogenesis. The observed differential responses to LPDAs in MRL/lpr and MRL+/+ mice may, in part, be responsible for accelerated and delayed onset of the disease, respectively.
PubMed ID: 22950782
MeSH Terms: Aldehydes/immunology*; Aldehydes/metabolism; Animals; Autoantibodies/blood; Autoantibodies/immunology; Autoimmunity*; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Female; Lipid Peroxidation/immunology*; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology*; Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/pathology; Malondialdehyde/immunology*; Malondialdehyde/metabolism; Mice; Mice, Inbred MRL lpr; Oxidation-Reduction; Oxidative Stress/immunology*; Proteins/chemistry; Proteins/immunology*; Proteins/metabolism