Title: Stenotrophomonas, Mycobacterium, and Streptomyces in home dust and air: associations with moldiness and other home/family characteristics.
Authors: Kettleson, E; Kumar, S; Reponen, T; Vesper, S; Meheust, D; Grinshpun, S A; Adhikari, A
Published In Indoor Air, (2013 Oct)
Abstract: Respiratory illnesses have been linked to children's exposures to water-damaged homes. Therefore, understanding the microbiome in water-damaged homes is critical to preventing these illnesses. Few studies have quantified bacterial contamination, especially specific species, in water-damaged homes. We collected air and dust samples in twenty-one low-mold homes and twenty-one high-mold homes. The concentrations of three bacteria/genera, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Streptomyces sp., and Mycobacterium sp., were measured in air and dust samples using quantitative PCR (QPCR). The concentrations of the bacteria measured in the air samples were not associated with any specific home characteristic based on multiple regression models. However, higher concentrations of S.ýýmaltophilia in the dust samples were associated with water damage, that is, with higher floor surface moisture and higher concentrations of moisture-related mold species. The concentrations of Streptomyces and Mycobacterium sp. had similar patterns and may be partially determined by human and animal occupants and outdoor sources of these bacteria.
PubMed ID: 23397905
MeSH Terms: Air Microbiology*; Dust; Fungi/isolation & purification*; Mycobacterium/isolation & purification*; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Regression Analysis; Stenotrophomonas maltophilia/isolation & purification*; Streptomyces/isolation & purification*