Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure is associated with childhood DNA CpG methylation.

Authors: Breton, Carrie V; Siegmund, Kimberly D; Joubert, Bonnie R; Wang, Xinhui; Qui, Weiliang; Carey, Vincent; Nystad, Wenche; Håberg, Siri E; Ober, Carole; Nicolae, Dan; Barnes, Kathleen C; Martinez, Fernando; Liu, Andy; Lemanske, Robert; Strunk, Robert; Weiss, Scott; London, Stephanie; Gilliland, Frank; Raby, Benjamin; Asthma BRIDGE consortium

Published In PLoS One, (2014)

Abstract: Smoking while pregnant is associated with a myriad of negative health outcomes in the child. Some of the detrimental effects may be due to epigenetic modifications, although few studies have investigated this hypothesis in detail.To characterize site-specific epigenetic modifications conferred by prenatal smoking exposure within asthmatic children.Using Illumina HumanMethylation27 microarrays, we estimated the degree of methylation at 27,578 distinct DNA sequences located primarily in gene promoters using whole blood DNA samples from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP) subset of Asthma BRIDGE childhood asthmatics (n = 527) ages 5-12 with prenatal smoking exposure data available. Using beta-regression, we screened loci for differential methylation related to prenatal smoke exposure, adjusting for gender, age and clinical site, and accounting for multiple comparisons by FDR.Of 27,578 loci evaluated, 22,131 (80%) passed quality control assessment and were analyzed. Sixty-five children (12%) had a history of prenatal smoke exposure. At an FDR of 0.05, we identified 19 CpG loci significantly associated with prenatal smoke, of which two replicated in two independent populations. Exposure was associated with a 2% increase in mean CpG methylation in FRMD4A (p = 0.01) and Cllorf52 (p = 0.001) compared to no exposure. Four additional genes, XPNPEP1, PPEF2, SMPD3 and CRYGN, were nominally associated in at least one replication group.These data suggest that prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with reproducible epigenetic changes that persist well into childhood. However, the biological significance of these altered loci remains unknown.

PubMed ID: 24964093 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Asthma/genetics*; Child; Child, Preschool; CpG Islands*; DNA Methylation*; Epigenesis, Genetic*; Female; Humans; Male; Pregnancy; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*; Smoking/adverse effects*

to Top