Title: Tissue-Specific Induction of Mouse ZIP8 and ZIP14 Divalent Cation/Bicarbonate Symporters by, and Cytokine Response to, Inflammatory Signals.
Authors: Gálvez-Peralta, Marina; Wang, Zhifang; Bao, Shengying; Knoell, Daren L; Nebert, Daniel W
Published In Int J Toxicol, (2014 05)
Abstract: Mouse Slc39a8 and Slc39a14 genes encode ZIP8 and ZIP14, respectively, which are ubiquitous divalent cation/(HCO3-)2 symporters responsible for uptake of Zn2+, Fe2+, and Mn2+ into cells. Cd2+ and other toxic nonessential metals can displace essential cations, thereby entering vertebrate cells. Whereas Slc39a8 encodes a single protein, Slc39a14 has 2 exons 4 which, via alternative splicing, give rise to ZIP14A and ZIP14B; why differences exist in cell type-specific expression of ZIP14A and ZIP14B remains unknown. Inflammatory stimuli have been associated with upregulation of ZIP8 and ZIP14, but a systematic study of many tissues simultaneously in a laboratory animal following inflammatory cytokine exposure has not yet been reported. Herein, we show that C57BL/6J male mice--treated intraperitoneally with lipopolysaccharide or the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or interleukin-6 (IL6)--exhibited quantatively very different, highly tissue-specific, and markedly time-dependent up- and downregulation of ZIP8, ZIP14A, and ZIP14B messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in 12 tissues. The magnitude of inflammatory response was confirmed by measuring the proinflammatory cytokine TNF, IL6, and interleukin-1β mRNA levels in the same tissues of these animals. Our data suggest that most if not all tissues use ZIP8, ZIP14A, and/or ZIP14B for Zn2+ uptake, some tissues under basal conditions and others moreso when inflammatory stressors are present; collectively, this might lead to substantial alterations in plasma Zn2+ levels due to Zn2+ redistribution not just in liver but across many vital organs. In the context of cadmium-mediated toxicity, our data suggest that tissues other than liver, kidney, and lung should also be considered.
PubMed ID: 24728862
MeSH Terms: Alternative Splicing; Animals; Cation Transport Proteins/genetics; Cation Transport Proteins/metabolism*; Cytokines/metabolism; Disease Models, Animal*; Down-Regulation; Endotoxemia/blood; Endotoxemia/immunology; Endotoxemia/metabolism*; Gene Expression Regulation*; Interleukin-1beta/genetics; Interleukin-1beta/metabolism; Interleukin-6/administration & dosage; Interleukin-6/genetics; Interleukin-6/metabolism; Kinetics; Lipopolysaccharides/administration & dosage; Liver/immunology; Liver/metabolism*; Male; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Organ Specificity; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/administration & dosage; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism; Up-Regulation; Zinc/blood; Zinc/metabolism*