Title: X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) lacking RING domain localizes to the nuclear and promotes cancer cell anchorage-independent growth by targeting the E2F1/Cyclin E axis.
Authors: Cao, Zipeng; Li, Xueyong; Li, Jingxia; Luo, Wenjing; Huang, Chuanshu; Chen, Jingyuan
Published In Oncotarget, (2014 Aug 30)
Abstract: The inhibitor of apoptosis protein XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein) is a well-documented protein that is located in cytoplasm acting as a potent regulator of cell apoptosis. Here, we showed that expressing XIAP with RING (Really Interesting New Gene) domain deletion (XIAP△RING) in cancer cells promoted cancer cell anchorage-independent growth and G1/S phase transition companied with increasing cyclin e transcription activity and protein expression. Further studies revealed that XIAP△RING was mainly localized in nuclear with increased binding with E2F1, whereas XIAP with BIR (Baculoviral IAP Repeat) domains deletion (XIAP△BIRs) was entirely presented in cytoplasma with losing its binding with E2F1, suggesting that RING domain was able to inhibit BIR domains nuclear localization, by which impaired BIRs binding with E2F1 in cellular nucleus in intact cells. These studies identified a new function of XIAP protein in cellular nucleus is to regulate E2F1 transcriptional activity by binding with E2F1 in cancer cells. Our current finding of an effect of XIAP△RING expression on cancer cell anchorage-independent growth suggests that overexpression of this protein may contribute to genetic instability associated with cell cycle and checkpoint perturbations, in addition to its impact on cellular apoptosis.
PubMed ID: 25216527
MeSH Terms: Apoptosis/physiology; Cell Adhesion/physiology; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Nucleus/metabolism; Cell Proliferation/physiology; Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism*; Colonic Neoplasms/pathology*; Cyclin E/genetics; Cyclin E/metabolism*; Cytoplasm/metabolism; E2F1 Transcription Factor/genetics; E2F1 Transcription Factor/metabolism*; G1 Phase/physiology; HCT116 Cells; Humans; Protein Structure, Tertiary; S Phase/physiology; Transfection; Up-Regulation; X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein/genetics; X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein/metabolism*