Title: Formation and stabilization of persistent free radicals.
Authors: Dellinger, Barry; Lomnicki, Slawomir; Khachatryan, Lavrent; Maskos, Zofia; Hall, Randall W; Adounkpe, Julien; McFerrin, Cheri; Truong, Hieu
Published In Proc Combust Inst, (2007 Jan)
Abstract: We demonstrate that stable and relatively unreactive "environmentally persistent free radicals (PFRs)" can be readily formed in the post-flame and cool-zone regions of combustion systems and other thermal processes. These resonance-stabilized radicals, including semiquinones, phenoxyls, and cyclopentadienyls, can be formed by the thermal decomposition of molecular precursors including catechols, hydroquinones and phenols. Association with the surfaces of fine particles imparts additional stabilization to these radicals such that they can persist almost indefinitely in the environment. A mechanism of chemisorption and electron transfer from the molecular adsorbate to a redox-active transition metal or other receptor is shown through experiment, and supported by molecular orbital calculations, to result in PFR formation. Both oxygen-centered and carbon-centered PFRs are possible that can significantly affect their environmental and biological reactivity.
PubMed ID: 25598747
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication