Title: Vanin-1 expression and methylation discriminate pediatric asthma corticosteroid treatment response.
Authors: Xiao, Chang; Biagini Myers, Jocelyn M; Ji, Hong; Metz, Kelly; Martin, Lisa J; Lindsey, Mark; He, Hua; Powers, Racheal; Ulm, Ashley; Ruff, Brandy; Ericksen, Mark B; Somineni, Hari K; Simmons, Jeffrey; Strait, Richard T; Kercsmar, Carolyn M; Khurana Hershey, Gurjit K
Published In J Allergy Clin Immunol, (2015 Oct)
Abstract: There is considerable heterogeneity in asthma treatment response.We sought to identify biomarkers of corticosteroid treatment response in children with asthma and evaluate the utility and mechanistic basis of these biomarkers.Children (5-18 years) presenting to the emergency department with an acute asthma exacerbation were recruited and followed during hospitalization. Nasal epithelial cells were collected on presentation to the emergency department (T0) and 18 to 24 hours later (T1), and T1/T0 gene expression ratios were analyzed to identify genes associated with good and poor corticosteroid treatment response phenotypes. The utility of these genes in discriminating between systemic corticosteroid treatment response groups was then tested prospectively in a new cohort of patients. A gene candidate (vanin-1 [VNN1]) that consistently distinguished good versus poor response phenotypes was further studied in an experimental asthma model, and VNN1 promoter methylation was measured by means of bisulfite pyrosequencing in patients.VNN1 mRNA expression changes were associated with systemic corticosteroid treatment response in children with acute asthma, and VNN1 was required for optimal response to corticosteroid treatment in an experimental asthma model. A CpG site within the VNN1 promoter was differentially methylated between good versus poor treatment response groups, and methylation at this site correlated with VNN1 mRNA expression.We have identified a biological basis for poor corticosteroid treatment response that can be used to distinguish a subgroup of asthmatic children who respond poorly to systemic corticosteroid treatment. VNN1 contributes to corticosteroid responsiveness, and changes in VNN1 nasal epithelial mRNA expression and VNN1 promoter methylation might be clinically useful biomarkers of treatment response in asthmatic children.
PubMed ID: 25910714
MeSH Terms: Adolescent; Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use*; Amidohydrolases/genetics; Amidohydrolases/metabolism*; Animals; Asthma/diagnosis; Asthma/drug therapy*; Biomarkers, Pharmacological/metabolism*; Cells, Cultured; Child; Child, Preschool; Cohort Studies; DNA Methylation; Disease Progression; Emergency Medical Services; Female; GPI-Linked Proteins/genetics; GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation; Hospitalization; Humans; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Knockout; Models, Animal; Nasal Mucosa/physiology*; Prospective Studies; Treatment Outcome