Title: Recent Advances in the Measurement of Arsenic, Cadmium, and Mercury in Rice and Other Foods.
Authors: Jackson, Brian P; Punshon, Tracy
Published In Curr Environ Health Rep, (2015 Mar)
Abstract: Trace element analysis of foods is of increasing importance because of raised consumer awareness and the need to evaluate and establish regulatory guidelines for toxic trace metals and metalloids. This paper reviews recent advances in the analysis of trace elements in food, including challenges, state-of-the-art methods, and use of spatially resolved techniques for localizing the distribution of arsenic and mercury within rice grains. Total elemental analysis of foods is relatively well-established, but the push for ever lower detection limits requires that methods be robust from potential matrix interferences, which can be particularly severe for food. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is the method of choice, allowing for multi-element and highly sensitive analyses. For arsenic, speciation analysis is necessary because the inorganic forms are more likely to be subject to regulatory limits. Chromatographic techniques coupled to ICP-MS are most often used for arsenic speciation, and a range of methods now exist for a variety of different arsenic species in different food matrices. Speciation and spatial analysis of foods, especially rice, can also be achieved with synchrotron techniques. Sensitive analytical techniques and methodological advances provide robust methods for the assessment of several metals in animal- and plant-based foods, particularly for arsenic, cadmium, and mercury in rice and arsenic speciation in foodstuffs.
PubMed ID: 25938012
MeSH Terms: Animals; Arsenic/analysis*; Cadmium/analysis*; Environmental Exposure; Food Analysis/instrumentation; Food Analysis/methods*; Humans; Limit of Detection; Mass Spectrometry/methods; Mercury/analysis*; Oryza/chemistry*; Trace Elements/analysis