Title: In vivo exposure to ozone produces an increase in a 72-kDa heat shock protein in guinea pigs.
Authors: Su, W Y; Gordon, T
Published In J Appl Physiol, (1997 Sep)
Abstract: Although several lines of evidence have suggested that oxidizing agents can induce heat shock proteins (HSPs) in vitro, little is known about the induction of HSPs during in vivo exposure to oxidants. Guinea pigs were exposed to ozone for 6 h and euthanized up to 72 h later. Proteins from lavage cells and lung tissue were characterized by immunoblotting with 72- and 73/72-kDa HSP monoclonal antibodies. Although 73-kDa HSP was expressed constituitively in lung tissue, it was not affected by ozone. In contrast, 72-kDa HSP was significantly increased in lavage cells and lung tissue of animals exposed to 0.4 and 0.66 parts/million of ozone. Both heat treatment and arsenite induced 72-kDa HSP in cultured alveolar macrophages. The increase in 72-kDa HSP in the lavage cell pellet peaked at 24 h after ozone, whereas the influx of polymorphonuclear leukocytes peaked at 4 h. Examination of the induction of HSPs by ozone may provide clues to the development of ozone tolerance in humans and animals.
PubMed ID: 9292453
MeSH Terms: Air Pollutants, Environmental/toxicity*; Blotting, Western; Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel; HSP72 Heat-Shock Proteins; Heat-Shock Proteins/biosynthesis*; Humans; Immunoblotting; Macrophages, Alveolar/drug effects; Macrophages, Alveolar/metabolism; Male; Ozone/toxicity*; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Respiratory System/drug effects; Respiratory System/metabolism; Time Factors