Title: Impact of land disturbance on the fate of arsenical pesticides.
Authors: Renshaw, Carl E; Bostick, Benjamin C; Feng, Xiahong; Wong, Christine K; Winston, Elizabeth S; Karimi, Roxanne; Folt, Carol L; Chen, Celia Y
Published In J Environ Qual, (2006 Jan-Feb)
Abstract: Increasing development of historic farmlands raises questions regarding the fate of pesticides applied when these land were in cultivation. We quantified As and Pb budgets in field soils in two orchards where arsenical pesticides were applied in the early 20th century and a third uncontaminated control field. Sequential extractions and X-ray analyses also were used to determine mineral phases. In addition, we measured metal loads in drainages adjacent to the fields and in two common macroinvertebrate taxa within the wetland at the outlet of the drainages. We find that the applied As and Pb have undergone little vertical redistribution; concentrations of As and Pb in the top 25 cm of contaminated orchard soils are higher than in the uncontaminated control field. However, none of the applied lead arsenate (PbHAsO4) remains in its original mineral phase. Instead, the metals are now primarily adsorbed onto fine silt and clay-sized amorphous oxides and organic matter. Further, physical erosion associated with tilling and replanting appears to have mobilized the fine-particulate-bound As and Pb in one orchard. The remobilized metals are found in sediments in the stream channel draining the tilled orchard. It is unclear if the As and Pb transported sediments are biologically active; average macroinvertebrate metal burdens in the wetland are not elevated above those observed elsewhere in the region. However, little of the mobilized metals may have reached the wetland. These results demonstrate that land use change can significantly impact the retention of arsenical pesticides.
PubMed ID: 16391277
MeSH Terms: Animals; Arsenicals/analysis*; Arsenicals/pharmacokinetics; Biological Availability; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning; Pesticides/analysis*; Pesticides/pharmacokinetics; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Soil Pollutants/analysis*; Soil Pollutants/pharmacokinetics