Title: Age-dependent accumulation of recombinant cells in the mouse pancreas revealed by in situ fluorescence imaging.
Authors: Wiktor-Brown, Dominika M; Hendricks, Carrie A; Olipitz, Werner; Engelward, Bevin P
Published In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, (2006 Aug 08)
Abstract: Mitotic homologous recombination (HR) is critical for the repair of double-strand breaks, and conditions that stimulate HR are associated with an increased risk of deleterious sequence rearrangements that can promote cancer. Because of the difficulty of assessing HR in mammals, little is known about HR activity in mammalian tissues or about the effects of cancer risk factors on HR in vivo. To study HR in vivo, we have used fluorescent yellow direct repeat mice, in which an HR event at a transgene yields a fluorescent phenotype. Results show that HR is an active pathway in the pancreas throughout life, that HR is induced in vivo by exposure to a cancer chemotherapeutic agent, and that recombinant cells accumulate with age in pancreatic tissue. Furthermore, we developed an in situ imaging approach that reveals an increase in both the frequency and the sizes of isolated recombinant cell clusters with age, indicating that both de novo recombination events and clonal expansion contribute to the accumulation of recombinant cells with age. This work demonstrates that aging and exposure to a cancer chemotherapeutic agent increase the frequency of recombinant cells in the pancreas, and it also provides a rapid method for revealing additional factors that modulate HR and clonal expansion in vivo.
PubMed ID: 16882718
MeSH Terms: Aging*; Animals; Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology; DNA Damage; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Transgenic; Pancreas/metabolism*; Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology*; Phenotype; Recombinant Proteins/chemistry*; Recombination, Genetic; Time Factors