Title: Influence of acid aerosol droplet size on structural changes in the rat lung caused by acute exposure to sulfuric acid and ozone.
Authors: Kimmel, T A; Chen, L C; Bosland, M C; Nadziejko, C
Published In Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, (1997 Jun)
Abstract: To investigate whether aerosol droplet size influences structural changes in the lung produced by short-term, concomitant exposure to ozone and sulfuric acid, groups of 10 rats were exposed 4 hr/day for 2 days to filtered air, 0.6 ppm ozone, 0.5 mg/m3 fine (aerosol mass median diameter (MMD) = 0.3 microm) or ultrafine (MMD = 0.06 microm) sulfuric acid, or a mixture of ozone and 0.5 mg/m3 fine or ultrafine sulfuric acid. The volume percentage of total parenchyma containing markedly to severely injured alveolar septae was measured morphometrically. There were no differences between the ultrafine or fine acid exposure groups and the sham group for any of the morphologic endpoints. Volume percentage of markedly to severely injured tissue was increased in the ultrafine, but not fine, mixture animals when compared with the ozone-only group. In addition, a synergistic interaction between ozone and ultrafine, but not fine, sulfuric acid was found for this endpoint. The bromodeoxyuridine cell labeling index in the periacinar region was greater in the rats exposed to the fine sulfuric acid and ozone mixture than that in rats exposed to ozone alone, and a synergistic interaction between ozone and fine sulfuric acid was found for this end point. None of the exposures produced any changes in ventilatory parameters. Thus, acid aerosol droplet size was found to influence the effect of sulfuric acid in modifying ozone-induced structural changes in the rat lung.
PubMed ID: 9194419
MeSH Terms: Administration, Inhalation; Aerosols/toxicity*; Animals; Cell Division/drug effects; Comparative Study; Lung Diseases/chemically induced*; Lung Diseases/pathology; Lung/drug effects*; Lung/pathology; Male; Oxidants, Photochemical/toxicity*; Ozone/toxicity*; Particle Size; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Respiration/drug effects; Sulfuric Acids/toxicity*