Title: Tests for Gene-Environment Interactions and Joint Effects With Exposure Misclassification.
Authors: Boonstra, Philip S; Mukherjee, Bhramar; Gruber, Stephen B; Ahn, Jaeil; Schmit, Stephanie L; Chatterjee, Nilanjan
Published In Am J Epidemiol, (2016 Feb 01)
Abstract: The number of methods for genome-wide testing of gene-environment (G-E) interactions continues to increase, with the aim of discovering new genetic risk factors and obtaining insight into the disease-gene-environment relationship. The relative performance of these methods, assessed on the basis of family-wise type I error rate and power, depends on underlying disease-gene-environment associations, estimates of which may be biased in the presence of exposure misclassification. This simulation study expands on a previously published simulation study of methods for detecting G-E interactions by evaluating the impact of exposure misclassification. We consider 7 single-step and modular screening methods for identifying G-E interaction at a genome-wide level and 7 joint tests for genetic association and G-E interaction, for which the goal is to discover new genetic susceptibility loci by leveraging G-E interaction when present. In terms of statistical power, modular methods that screen on the basis of the marginal disease-gene relationship are more robust to exposure misclassification. Joint tests that include main/marginal effects of a gene display a similar robustness, which confirms results from earlier studies. Our results offer an increased understanding of the strengths and limitations of methods for genome-wide searches for G-E interaction and joint tests in the presence of exposure misclassification.
PubMed ID: 26755675
MeSH Terms: Computer Simulation; Gene-Environment Interaction*; Genomics/methods*