Title: Periodontal diseases and carotid intima-media thickness in Bangladesh.
Authors: Wu, Fen; Chen, Yu; Demmer, Ryan T; Parvez, Faruque; Paul, Rina Rani; Shaheen, Ishrat; Sarwar, Golam; Ahmed, Alauddin; Eunus, Mahbub; Ahsan, Nafiz; Habibullah, Nur Mohammad; Islam, Tariqul; Rundek, Tatjana; Ahsan, Habibul; Desvarieux, Moise
Published In J Clin Periodontol, (2016 11)
Abstract: To evaluate the relationship between periodontal diseases and subclinical atherosclerosis in a younger and lean South Asian population.We conducted a cross-sectional study in 917 subjects (mean age 46 years and mean body mass index 21.1 kg/m2 ) from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study in Bangladesh. Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess the associations between multiple clinical measures of periodontal diseases and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT).Mean attachment loss (AL) and percentage of sites with AL ≥ 4 mm (% AL ≥ 4) were associated with increased IMT. The IMT was 20.0-μm (95% CI: 2.2, 37.8) and 26.5-μm (95% CI: 8.9, 44.1) higher in subjects in the top quartile of mean AL (>3.72 mm) and % AL ≥ 4 (>58.4%), respectively, compared to those in the bottom quartile. In a subset of 366 subjects, mean AL was positively associated with plasma levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (p < 0.05) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (p < 0.01).Attachment loss was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in this young and lean Bangladeshi population. Future prospective studies are needed to confirm this association.
PubMed ID: 27394059
MeSH Terms: Atherosclerosis; Bangladesh; Carotid Artery Diseases; Carotid Intima-Media Thickness*; Cross-Sectional Studies; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Middle Aged; Periodontal Diseases*; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors