Title: Mechanistic Approaches to Improve Correction of the Most Common Disease-Causing Mutation in Cystic Fibrosis.
Authors: Bali, Vedrana; Lazrak, Ahmed; Guroji, Purushotham; Matalon, Sadis; Bebok, Zsuzsanna
Published In PLoS One, (2016)
Abstract: The most common mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene leads to deletion of the phenylalanine at position 508 (ΔF508) in the CFTR protein and causes multiple folding and functional defects. Contrary to large-scale efforts by industry and academia, no significant therapeutic benefit has been achieved with a single "corrector". Therefore, investigations concentrate on drug combinations. Orkambi (Vertex Pharmaceuticals), the first FDA-approved drug for treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) caused by this mutation, is a combination of a corrector (VX-809) that facilitates ΔF508 CFTR biogenesis and a potentiator (VX-770), which improves its function. Yet, clinical trials utilizing this combination showed only modest therapeutic benefit. The low efficacy Orkambi has been attributed to VX-770-mediated destabilization of VX-809-rescued ΔF508 CFTR. Here we report that the negative effects of VX-770 can be reversed by increasing the half-life of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) form (band B) of ΔF508 CFTR with another corrector (Corr-4a.) Although Corr-4a alone has only minimal effects on ΔF508 CFTR rescue, it increases the half-life of ΔF508 CFTR band B when it is present during half-life measurements. Our data shows that stabilization of band B ΔF508 CFTR with Corr-4a and simultaneous rescue with VX-809, leads to a >2-fold increase in cAMP-activated, CFTRinh-172-inhibited currents compared to VX-809 alone, or VX-809+VX-770. The negative effects of VX-770 and the Corr-4a protection are specific to the native I507-ATT ΔF508 CFTR without affecting the inherently more stable, synonymous variant I507-ATC ΔF508 CFTR. Our studies emphasize that stabilization of ΔF508 CFTR band B in the ER might improve its functional rescue by Orkambi.
PubMed ID: 27214033
MeSH Terms: Aminophenols/pharmacology*; Aminopyridines/pharmacology*; Benzamides/pharmacology*; Benzodioxoles/pharmacology*; Cell Line; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/drug effects; Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics*; Cystic Fibrosis/drug therapy; Cystic Fibrosis/genetics*; Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects; HEK293 Cells; Half-Life; Humans; Mutation; Quinolones/pharmacology*; Thiazoles/pharmacology*