Title: Aberrant lung remodeling in a mouse model of surfactant dysregulation induced by modulation of the Abca3 gene.
Authors: Beers, Michael F; Knudsen, Lars; Tomer, Yaniv; Maronn, Julian; Zhao, Ming; Ochs, Matthias; Mulugeta, Surafel
Published In Ann Anat, (2017 Mar)
Abstract: The lipid transporter, ATP binding cassette class A3 (ABCA3), plays a critical role in the biogenesis of alveolar type 2 (AT2) cell lamellar bodies (LBs). A relatively large number of mutations in the ABCA3 gene have been identified in association with diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), the most common of which is a missense mutation (valine substitution for lysine at residue 292 (ABCA3E292V)) that leads to functional impairment of the transporter in vitro. The consequences of ABCA3E292V gene expression in vivo are unknown. To address this question, we developed mouse models expressing ABCA3E292V knocked-in to the endogenous mouse locus. The parental (F1) mouse line (mAbca3E292V) that retained an intronic pgk-Neo selection cassette (inserted in reverse orientation) (mAbca3E292V-rNeo) demonstrated an allele dependent extracellular surfactant phospholipid (PL) deficiency. We hypothesize that this PL deficiency leads to aberrant parenchymal remodeling contributing to the pathophysiology of the DPLD phenotype. Compared to wild type littermates, baseline studies of mice homozygous for the pgk-Neo insert (mAbca3E292V-rNeo+/+) revealed nearly 50% reduction in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) PL content that was accompanied by quantitative reduction in AT2 LB size with a compensatory increase in LB number. The phenotypic alteration in surfactant lipid homeostasis resulted in an early macrophage predominant alveolitis which peaked at 8 weeks of age. This was followed by age-dependent development of histological DPLD characterized initially by peribronchial inflammatory cell infiltration and culminating in both an emphysema-like phenotype (which included stereologically quantifiable reductions in both alveolar septal surface area and volume of septal wall tissue) plus foci of trichrome-positive collagen deposition together with substantial proliferation of hyperplastic AT2 cells. In addition to spontaneous lung remodeling, mABCA3E292V-rNeo mice were rendered more vulnerable to exogenous injury. Three weeks following intratracheal bleomycin challenge, mAbca3-rNeo mice demonstrated allele-dependent susceptibility to bleomycin including enhanced weight loss, augmented airspace destruction, and increased fibrosis. Removal of the rNeo cassette from mAbca3 alleles resulted in restoration of BAL PL content to wild-type levels and an absence of changes in lung histology up to 32 weeks of age. These results support the importance of surfactant PL homeostasis as a susceptibility factor for both intrinsic and exogenously induced lung injury/remodeling.
PubMed ID: 28034695
MeSH Terms: ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/genetics*; ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters/metabolism; Alleles; Animals; Anti-Bacterial Agents/toxicity; Bleomycin/toxicity; Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology; Gene Expression; Gene Knock-In Techniques; Homeostasis; Lung Diseases, Interstitial/chemically induced; Lung Diseases, Interstitial/genetics; Lung Diseases, Interstitial/metabolism; Lung Diseases/chemically induced; Lung Diseases/genetics; Lung Diseases/pathology; Lung/pathology*; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Phospholipids/deficiency; Pulmonary Surfactants/metabolism*