Title: The role of traffic noise on the association between air pollution and children's lung function.
Authors: Franklin, Meredith; Fruin, Scott
Published In Environ Res, (2017 08)
Abstract: Although it has been shown that traffic-related air pollution adversely affects children's lung function, few studies have examined the influence of traffic noise on this association, despite both sharing a common source. Estimates of noise exposure (Ldn, dB), and freeway and non-freeway emission concentrations of oxides of nitrogen (NOx, ppb) were spatially assigned to children in Southern California who were tested for forced vital capacity (FVC, n=1345), forced expiratory volume in 1s, (FEV1, n=1332), and asthma. The associations between traffic-related NOx and these outcomes, with and without adjustment for noise, were examined using mixed effects models. Adjustment for noise strengthened the association between NOx and reduced lung function. A 14.5mL (95% CI -40.0, 11.0mL) decrease in FVC per interquartile range (13.6 ppb) in freeway NOx was strengthened to a 34.6mL decrease after including a non-linear function of noise (95% CI -66.3, -2.78mL). Similarly, a 6.54mL decrease in FEV1 (95% CI -28.3, 15.3mL) was strengthened to a 21.1mL decrease (95% CI -47.6, 5.51) per interquartile range in freeway NOx. Our results indicate that where possible, noise should be included in epidemiological studies of the association between traffic-related air pollution on lung function. Without taking noise into account, the detrimental effects of traffic-related pollution may be underestimated.
PubMed ID: 28558263
MeSH Terms: Adolescent; Air Pollutants/toxicity*; Asthma/chemically induced; Asthma/epidemiology; California/epidemiology; Child; Child, Preschool; Environmental Exposure*; Female; Forced Expiratory Volume; Humans; Los Angeles/epidemiology; Male; Nitrogen Oxides/toxicity*; Noise, Transportation/adverse effects*; Vehicle Emissions/toxicity*; Vital Capacity