Title: Recent advances in lipid separations and structural elucidation using mass spectrometry combined with ion mobility spectrometry, ion-molecule reactions and fragmentation approaches.
Authors: Zheng, Xueyun; Smith, Richard D; Baker, Erin S
Published In Curr Opin Chem Biol, (2018 02)
Abstract: Lipids are a vital class of molecules that play important and varied roles in biological processes, however, fully understanding these roles is extremely difficult due to the immense number and diversity of possible lipid species. While recent advances in chromatography and high resolution mass spectrometry have greatly progressed knowledge about distinct lipid species and functions, effectively separating many lipids still remains problematic. Isomeric lipids have made lipid characterization especially difficult and occur due to subclasses having the same chemical composition, or species having multiple acyl chain connectivities (sn-1, sn-2, or sn-3), double bond positions and orientations (cis or trans), and functional group stereochemistries (R versus S). To aid in isomer characterization, ion mobility spectrometry separations, ion-molecule reactions and fragmentation techniques have increasingly been added to lipid analysis workflows. In this manuscript, we review the current state of these approaches and their capabilities for improving the identification of lipid species.
PubMed ID: 29223060
MeSH Terms: Ion Mobility Spectrometry/methods*; Isomerism; Lipids/chemistry; Lipids/classification*; Lipids/isolation & purification*; Mass Spectrometry/methods*; Molecular Structure*