Title: An oxidized abasic lesion inhibits base excision repair leading to DNA strand breaks in a trinucleotide repeat tract.
Authors: Beaver, Jill M; Lai, Yanhao; Rolle, Shantell J; Weng, Liwei; Greenberg, Marc M; Liu, Yuan
Published In PLoS One, (2018)
Abstract: Oxidative DNA damage and base excision repair (BER) play important roles in modulating trinucleotide repeat (TNR) instability that is associated with human neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. We have reported that BER of base lesions can lead to TNR instability. However, it is unknown if modifications of the sugar in an abasic lesion modulate TNR instability. In this study, we characterized the effects of the oxidized sugar, 5'-(2-phosphoryl-1,4-dioxobutane)(DOB) in CAG repeat tracts on the activities of key BER enzymes, as well as on repeat instability. We found that DOB crosslinked with DNA polymerase β and inhibited its synthesis activity in CAG repeat tracts. Surprisingly, we found that DOB also formed crosslinks with DNA ligase I and inhibited its ligation activity, thereby reducing the efficiency of BER. This subsequently resulted in the accumulation of DNA strand breaks in a CAG repeat tract. Our study provides important new insights into the adverse effects of an oxidized abasic lesion on BER and suggests a potential alternate repair pathway through which an oxidized abasic lesion may modulate TNR instability.
PubMed ID: 29389977
MeSH Terms: DNA Damage*; DNA Polymerase beta/antagonists & inhibitors; DNA Polymerase beta/biosynthesis; DNA Repair*; Oxidation-Reduction; Trinucleotide Repeats/genetics*