Title: Inflammatory bowel disease and risk of Parkinson's disease in Medicare beneficiaries.
Authors: Camacho-Soto, Alejandra; Gross, Anat; Searles Nielsen, Susan; Dey, Neelendu; Racette, Brad A
Published In Parkinsonism Relat Disord, (2018 05)
Abstract: Gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction precedes the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) by several years. PD patients have abnormal aggregation of intestinal α-synuclein, the accumulation of which may be promoted by inflammation. The relationship between intestinal α-synuclein aggregates and central nervous system neuropathology is unknown. Recently, we observed a possible inverse association between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and PD as part of a predictive model of PD. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the relationship between PD risk and IBD and IBD-associated conditions and treatment.Using a case-control design, we identified 89,790 newly diagnosed PD cases and 118,095 population-based controls >65 years of age using comprehensive Medicare data from 2004-2009 including detailed claims data. We classified IBD using International Classification of Diseases version 9 (ICD-9) diagnosis codes. We used logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the association between PD and IBD. Covariates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, smoking, Elixhauser comorbidities, and health care use.PD was inversely associated with IBD overall (OR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.80-0.91) and with both Crohn's disease (OR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.74-0.93) and ulcerative colitis (OR = 0.88, 95% CI 0.82-0.96). Among beneficiaries with ≥2 ICD-9 codes for IBD, there was an inverse dose-response association between number of IBD ICD-9 codes, as a potential proxy for IBD severity, and PD (p-for-trend = 0.006).IBD is associated with a lower risk of developing PD.
PubMed ID: 29459115
MeSH Terms: Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Case-Control Studies; Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology; Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy; Crohn Disease/epidemiology; Crohn Disease/therapy; Digestive System Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data*; Female; Humans; Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use*; Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology*; Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy*; Male; Medicare*/statistics & numerical data; Parkinson Disease/epidemiology*; Prodromal Symptoms*; Risk; United States/epidemiology