Title: Analysis of Carbonyl Compounds in Ambient Air by a Microreactor Approach.
Authors: Li, Mingxiao; Li, Qi; Nantz, Michael H; Fu, Xiao-An
Published In ACS Omega, (2018 Jun 30)
Abstract: Aldehydes including formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein are toxic organic components of air pollution that cause lung cancer and cardiovascular disease with chronic exposure. The commonly used method for determining the levels of carbonyl compounds based on the derivatizing agent 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine is of limited use for ketones and unsaturated aldehydes because of issues such as low capture efficiencies, unstable derivatives, and long sample collection times. This work details the analysis of carbonyls in ambient air by a microreactor approach. The microreactor is fabricated on a silicon wafer and has thousands of micropillars in a microfluidic channel for uniformly distributing the air flow through the channel. The surfaces of the micropillars are coated with a quaternary ammonium aminooxy reagent, 2-(aminooxy)ethyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium iodide (ATM), for chemoselective capture of carbonyl compounds by means of oximation reactions. ATM-carbonyl adducts are eluted from the microreactor and directly analyzed by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. More than 20 carbonyls were detected in ambient air samples. Acetone, 2-butanone, acetaldehyde, and formaldehyde were the most abundant carbonyls in ambient air of the studied urban areas.
PubMed ID: 29978147
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication