Title: Metal exposure and oxidative stress markers in pregnant Navajo Birth Cohort Study participants.
Authors: Dashner-Titus, Erica J; Hoover, Joseph; Li, Luo; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Du, Ruofei; Liu, Ke Jian; Traber, Maret G; Ho, Emily; Lewis, Johnnye; Hudson, Laurie G
Published In Free Radic Biol Med, (2018 08 20)
Abstract: Contamination of soil and water by waste from abandoned uranium mines has led to chronic exposures to metal mixtures in Native American communities. Our previous work demonstrated that community exposures to mine waste increase the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease, as well as the likelihood of developing multiple chronic diseases including diabetes, hypertension and kidney disease. Exposure to various environmental metals is associated with elevated oxidative stress, which is considered a contributor to these and other chronic disease states. The purpose of the current research was to assess potential associations between exposure to uranium and arsenic and evidence for increased oxidative stress as measured by urinary F2 -isoprostanes in pregnant women enrolled in the Navajo Birth Cohort Study. The current study also included an analysis of zinc as a potential mediator of oxidative stress in the study population. Urinary arsenic and uranium, serum zinc and urinary F2 -isoprostanes were measured for each study participant at enrollment. Study participants were pregnant women with median age of 26.8; 18.9% were enrolled in the 1st trimester, 44.7% were enrolled in the 2nd trimester, and 36.4% were enrolled in the 3rd trimester. Median urinary metal levels were 5.5 and 0.016 µg/g creatinine for arsenic and uranium, respectively. Multivariable regression analysis indicated a significant association between arsenic exposure and the lipid peroxidation product 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α, controlling for zinc and trimester. No associations were detected with uranium despite evidence that levels were in the Navajo Birth Cohort samples were 2.3 times the median reported for women in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-12). Zinc was not found to have any causal mediation of the effects of the other metals on oxidative stress. The current work is consistent with other studies that have detected an association between arsenic and elevated oxidative stress. In contrast to arsenic, uranium did not appear to increase oxidative stress response in this study population. These findings are relevant to assessing the potential human impact of chronic exposure to mixed metal waste from abandoned uranium mines.
PubMed ID: 29723666
MeSH Terms: Adolescent; Adult; Arsenic/adverse effects*; Arsenic/blood; Arsenic/urine; Biomarkers/blood; Biomarkers/urine; Cohort Studies; Environmental Exposure/adverse effects; Environmental Exposure/analysis; Environmental Pollutants/adverse effects*; Environmental Pollutants/analysis; Female; Humans; Indians, North American; Oxidative Stress*; Pregnancy; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects; Uranium/adverse effects*; Uranium/blood; Uranium/urine; Young Adult; Zinc/adverse effects*; Zinc/blood