Title: The deoxyribose phosphate lyase of DNA polymerase β suppresses a processive DNA synthesis to prevent trinucleotide repeat instability.
Authors: Lai, Yanhao; Weizmann, Yossi; Liu, Yuan
Published In Nucleic Acids Res, (2018 09 28)
Abstract: Trinucleotide repeat (TNR) instability is associated with over 42 neurodegenerative diseases and cancer, for which the molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. We have shown that the DNA base excision repair (BER) pathway and its central component, DNA polymerase β (pol β), in particular, its polymerase activity plays an active role in regulating somatic TNR instability. Herein, we revealed a unique role of the pol β dRP lyase in preventing somatic TNR instability. We found that deficiency of pol β deoxyribose phosphate (dRP) lyase activity locked the pol β dRP lyase domain to a dRP group, and this 'tethered' pol β to its template forcing the polymerase to perform a processive DNA synthesis. This subsequently promoted DNA strand slippage allowing pol β to skip over a template loop and causing TNR deletion. We showed that the effects were eliminated by complementation of the dRP lyase deficiency with wild-type pol β protein. The results indicate that pol β dRP lyase activity restrained the pol β-dRP interaction to suppress a pol β processive DNA synthesis, thereby preventing TNR deletion. This further implicates a potential of pol β dRP lyase inhibition as a novel treatment of TNR-expansion diseases.
PubMed ID: 30085293
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell-Free System/chemistry; Cell-Free System/metabolism; DNA Polymerase beta/genetics*; DNA Polymerase beta/metabolism; DNA Repair*; DNA Replication; DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase/genetics; DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase/metabolism; DNA/biosynthesis; DNA/genetics; Fibroblasts/chemistry; Fibroblasts/metabolism; Flap Endonucleases/genetics; Flap Endonucleases/metabolism; Gene Expression Regulation; Genetic Complementation Test; Genomic Instability; Humans; Mice; Oligonucleotides/chemical synthesis; Oligonucleotides/metabolism; Phosphorus-Oxygen Lyases/genetics*; Phosphorus-Oxygen Lyases/metabolism; Trinucleotide Repeat Expansion*; Trinucleotide Repeats*