Title: Association Between Meconium Acetaminophen and Childhood Neurocognitive Development in GESTE, a Canadian Cohort Study.
Authors: Laue, Hannah E; Cassoulet, Raphael; Abdelouahab, Nadia; Serme-Gbedo, Yasmine K; Desautels, Anne-Sandrine; Brennan, Kasey J M; Bellenger, Jean-Philippe; Burris, Heather H; Coull, Brent A; Weisskopf, Marc G; Takser, Larissa; Baccarelli, Andrea A
Published In Toxicol Sci, (2019 01 01)
Abstract: Acetaminophen is the only over-the-counter pain reliever that is not contraindicated during pregnancy, but recent studies have questioned whether acetaminophen is safe for the fetus, particularly the developing brain. This prospective birth cohort study probed the previously observed association between in utero exposure to acetaminophen and neurodevelopment by using concentrations of acetaminophen measured in meconium, which more objectively captures exposure of the fetus than maternal report. Exposure, measured by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry, was categorized into nondetection, low detection, and high detection levels. At age 6-8 years, children completed a set of subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th edition. Additionally, this study examined potential effect modification by child sex on the association between acetaminophen exposure and neurodevelopment. In fully adjusted models, in utero exposure to acetaminophen was not statistically significantly associated with decreased scores on any of the examined subtests in all children combined (n = 118). The effect of in utero acetaminophen exposure on the Coding subtest was marginally significantly different among boys and girls, with girls performing significantly better on the task with higher levels of acetaminophen compared with girls with undetectable levels of exposure (βgirls, low = 2.83 [0.97, 4.70], βgirls, high = 1.95 [-0.03, 3.93], βboys, low = .02 [-1.78, 1.81], βboys, high = -.39 [-2.09, 1.31], pinteraction = .06). Effect modification by child sex was not observed on other subtests. These results do not support prior reports of adverse neurodevelopmental effects of in utero exposure to acetaminophen.
PubMed ID: 30202886
MeSH Terms: Acetaminophen/adverse effects; Acetaminophen/analysis*; Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/adverse effects; Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/analysis*; Canada; Child; Child Development/drug effects*; Child, Preschool; Cognition/drug effects*; Cohort Studies; Female; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Intelligence/drug effects; Male; Meconium/chemistry*; Pregnancy; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/chemically induced*; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/physiopathology; Task Performance and Analysis