Title: Small Molecule Modifiers of In Vitro Manganese Transport Alter Toxicity In Vivo.
Authors: Peres, Tanara V; Horning, Kyle J; Bornhorst, Julia; Schwerdtle, Tanja; Bowman, Aaron B; Aschner, Michael
Published In Biol Trace Elem Res, (2019 Mar)
Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is essential for several species and daily requirements are commonly met by an adequate diet. Mn overload may cause motor and psychiatric disturbances and may arise from an impaired or not fully developed excretion system, transporter malfunction and/or exposure to excessive levels of Mn. Therefore, deciphering processes regulating neuronal Mn homeostasis is essential to understand the mechanisms of Mn neurotoxicity. In the present study, we selected two small molecules (with opposing effects on Mn transport) from a previous high throughput screen of 40,167 to test their effects on Mn toxicity parameters in vivo using Caenorhabditis elegans. We pre-exposed worms to VU0063088 and VU0026921 for 30 min followed by co-exposure for 1 h with Mn and evaluated Mn accumulation, dopaminergic (DAergic) degeneration and worm survival. Control worms were exposed to vehicle (DMSO) and saline only. In pdat-1::GFP worms, with GFP labeled DAergic neurons, we observed a decrease of Mn-induced DAergic degeneration in the presence of both small molecules. This effect was also observed in an smf-2 knockout strain. SMF-2 is a regulator of Mn transport in the worms and this strain accumulates higher Mn levels. We did not observe improved survival in the presence of small molecules. Our results suggest that both VU0063088 and VU0026921 may modulate Mn levels in the worms through a mechanism that does not require SMF-2 and induce protection against Mn neurotoxicity.
PubMed ID: 30267310
MeSH Terms: Acyltransferases/genetics; Animals; Biological Transport, Active/drug effects; Caenorhabditis elegans; Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins/genetics; Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins/metabolism; Cation Transport Proteins/genetics; Cation Transport Proteins/metabolism; Dopaminergic Neurons/drug effects; Gene Knockout Techniques; High-Throughput Screening Assays; Homeostasis/drug effects; Manganese/metabolism*; Manganese/toxicity*; Neurodegenerative Diseases/chemically induced; Neurodegenerative Diseases/prevention & control; Survival Analysis