Title: Nrf2-Mediated Antioxidant Defense and Peroxiredoxin 6 Are Linked to Biosynthesis of Palmitic Acid Ester of 9-Hydroxystearic Acid.
Authors: Kuda, Ondrej; Brezinova, Marie; Silhavy, Jan; Landa, Vladimir; Zidek, Vaclav; Dodia, Chandra; Kreuchwig, Franziska; Vrbacky, Marek; Balas, Laurence; Durand, Thierry; Hübner, Norbert; Fisher, Aron B; Kopecky, Jan; Pravenec, Michal
Published In Diabetes, (2018 06)
Abstract: Fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs) are lipid mediators with promising antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties that are formed in white adipose tissue (WAT) via de novo lipogenesis, but their biosynthetic enzymes are unknown. Using a combination of lipidomics in WAT, quantitative trait locus mapping, and correlation analyses in rat BXH/HXB recombinant inbred strains, as well as response to oxidative stress in murine models, we elucidated the potential pathway of biosynthesis of several FAHFAs. Comprehensive analysis of WAT samples identified ∼160 regioisomers, documenting the complexity of this lipid class. The linkage analysis highlighted several members of the nuclear factor, erythroid 2 like 2 (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant defense system (Prdx6, Mgst1, Mgst3), lipid-handling proteins (Cd36, Scd6, Acnat1, Acnat2, Baat), and the family of flavin containing monooxygenases (Fmo) as the positional candidate genes. Transgenic expression of Nrf2 and deletion of Prdx6 genes resulted in reduction of palmitic acid ester of 9-hydroxystearic acid (9-PAHSA) and 11-PAHSA levels, while oxidative stress induced by an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis increased PAHSA levels nonspecifically. Our results indicate that the synthesis of FAHFAs via carbohydrate-responsive element-binding protein-driven de novo lipogenesis depends on the adaptive antioxidant system and suggest that FAHFAs may link activity of this system with insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues.
PubMed ID: 29549163
MeSH Terms: Adipose Tissue, White/enzymology; Adipose Tissue, White/metabolism*; Animals; Biomarkers/metabolism; Esters/chemistry; Esters/metabolism; Female; Gene Expression Profiling; Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic*; Male; Metabolomics/methods; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics; NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism*; Oxidative Stress*; Palmitic Acid/chemistry; Palmitic Acid/metabolism*; Peroxiredoxin VI/genetics; Peroxiredoxin VI/metabolism*; Random Allocation; Rats; Rats, Inbred BN; Rats, Inbred SHR; Rats, Transgenic; Stearic Acids/chemistry; Stearic Acids/metabolism*