Title: Cardiovascular Disease Risk Varies by Birth Month in Canines.
Authors: Boland, Mary Regina; Kraus, Marc S; Dziuk, Eddie; Gelzer, Anna R
Published In Sci Rep, (2018 05 17)
Abstract: The canine heart is a robust physiological model for the human heart. Recently, birth month associations have been reported and replicated in humans using clinical health records. While animals respond readily to their environment in the wild, a systematic investigation of birth season dependencies among pets and specifically canines remains lacking. We obtained data from the Orthopedic Foundation of Animals on 129,778 canines representing 253 distinct breeds. Among canines that were not predisposed to cardiovascular disease, a clear birth season relationship is observed with peak risk occurring in June-August. Our findings indicate that acquired cardiovascular disease among canines, especially those that are not predisposed to cardiovascular disease, appears birth season dependent. The relative risk of cardiovascular disease for canines not predisposed to cardiovascular disease was as high as 1.47 among July pups. The overall adjusted odds ratio, when mixed breeds were excluded, for the birth season effect was 1.02 (95% CI: 1.002, 1.047, p = 0.032) after adjusting for breed and genetic cardiovascular predisposition effects. Studying birth season effects in model organisms can help to elucidate potential mechanisms behind the reported associations.
PubMed ID: 29773810
MeSH Terms: Algorithms; Animals; Breeding; Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology*; Cardiovascular Diseases/genetics; Databases, Factual; Dogs; Female; Genetic Predisposition to Disease; Humans; Incidence; Logistic Models; Male; Odds Ratio; Parturition/physiology*; Polymorphism, Genetic; Pregnancy; Retrospective Studies; Risk; Seasons*